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authorAlexander Graf <agraf@suse.de>2009-08-05 07:49:37 (GMT)
committerYury Usishchev <y.usishchev@samsung.com>2014-12-10 11:51:29 (GMT)
commita2e24b8fd956301f23b84bf1699db2c247b989d5 (patch)
tree2a39289061f1b69427e5e5c11353158e99caeb7e
parent94907b1ca030a998f1bfb6bad966b35626e734d1 (diff)
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block: Add support for DictZip enabled gzip files
DictZip is an extension to the gzip format that allows random seeks in gzip compressed files by cutting the file into pieces and storing the piece offsets in the "extra" header of the gzip format. Thanks to that extension, we can use gzip compressed files as block backend, though only in read mode. This makes a lot of sense when stacked with tar files that can then be shipped to VM users. If a VM image is inside a tar file that is inside a DictZip enabled gzip file, the user can run the tar.gz file as is without having to extract the image first. Tar patch follows. Signed-off-by: Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de> Signed-off-by: Bruce Rogers <brogers@novell.com> Signed-off-by: Andreas Färber <afaerber@suse.de> [TH: Use bdrv_open options instead of filename] Signed-off-by: Tim Hardeck <thardeck@suse.de> [AF: Error **errp added for bdrv_file_open, bdrv_delete -> bdrv_unref] [AF: qemu_opts_create_nofail() -> qemu_opts_create(), bdrv_file_open() -> bdrv_open(), based on work by brogers] [AF: error_is_set() dropped for v2.1.0-rc0] Signed-off-by: Andreas Färber <afaerber@suse.de>
-rw-r--r--block/Makefile.objs1
-rw-r--r--block/dictzip.c596
2 files changed, 597 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/block/Makefile.objs b/block/Makefile.objs
index 04b0e43..080fd26 100644
--- a/block/Makefile.objs
+++ b/block/Makefile.objs
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ block-obj-y += accounting.o
common-obj-y += stream.o
common-obj-y += commit.o
common-obj-y += backup.o
+common-obj-y += dictzip.o
iscsi.o-cflags := $(LIBISCSI_CFLAGS)
iscsi.o-libs := $(LIBISCSI_LIBS)
diff --git a/block/dictzip.c b/block/dictzip.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..cf07da1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/block/dictzip.c
@@ -0,0 +1,596 @@
+/*
+ * DictZip Block driver for dictzip enabled gzip files
+ *
+ * Use the "dictzip" tool from the "dictd" package to create gzip files that
+ * contain the extra DictZip headers.
+ *
+ * dictzip(1) is a compression program which creates compressed files in the
+ * gzip format (see RFC 1952). However, unlike gzip(1), dictzip(1) compresses
+ * the file in pieces and stores an index to the pieces in the gzip header.
+ * This allows random access to the file at the granularity of the compressed
+ * pieces (currently about 64kB) while maintaining good compression ratios
+ * (within 5% of the expected ratio for dictionary data).
+ * dictd(8) uses files stored in this format.
+ *
+ * For details on DictZip see http://dict.org/.
+ *
+ * Copyright (c) 2009 Alexander Graf <agraf@suse.de>
+ *
+ * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
+ * of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal
+ * in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights
+ * to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell
+ * copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is
+ * furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:
+ *
+ * The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in
+ * all copies or substantial portions of the Software.
+ *
+ * THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR
+ * IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
+ * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL
+ * THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER
+ * LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM,
+ * OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN
+ * THE SOFTWARE.
+ */
+
+#include "qemu-common.h"
+#include "block/block_int.h"
+#include <zlib.h>
+
+// #define DEBUG
+
+#ifdef DEBUG
+#define dprintf(fmt, ...) do { printf("dzip: " fmt, ## __VA_ARGS__); } while (0)
+#else
+#define dprintf(fmt, ...) do { } while (0)
+#endif
+
+#define SECTOR_SIZE 512
+#define Z_STREAM_COUNT 4
+#define CACHE_COUNT 20
+
+/* magic values */
+
+#define GZ_MAGIC1 0x1f
+#define GZ_MAGIC2 0x8b
+#define DZ_MAGIC1 'R'
+#define DZ_MAGIC2 'A'
+
+#define GZ_FEXTRA 0x04 /* Optional field (random access index) */
+#define GZ_FNAME 0x08 /* Original name */
+#define GZ_COMMENT 0x10 /* Zero-terminated, human-readable comment */
+#define GZ_FHCRC 0x02 /* Header CRC16 */
+
+/* offsets */
+
+#define GZ_ID 0 /* GZ_MAGIC (16bit) */
+#define GZ_FLG 3 /* FLaGs (see above) */
+#define GZ_XLEN 10 /* eXtra LENgth (16bit) */
+#define GZ_SI 12 /* Subfield ID (16bit) */
+#define GZ_VERSION 16 /* Version for subfield format */
+#define GZ_CHUNKSIZE 18 /* Chunk size (16bit) */
+#define GZ_CHUNKCNT 20 /* Number of chunks (16bit) */
+#define GZ_RNDDATA 22 /* Random access data (16bit) */
+
+#define GZ_99_CHUNKSIZE 18 /* Chunk size (32bit) */
+#define GZ_99_CHUNKCNT 22 /* Number of chunks (32bit) */
+#define GZ_99_FILESIZE 26 /* Size of unpacked file (64bit) */
+#define GZ_99_RNDDATA 34 /* Random access data (32bit) */
+
+struct BDRVDictZipState;
+
+typedef struct DictZipAIOCB {
+ BlockAIOCB common;
+ struct BDRVDictZipState *s;
+ QEMUIOVector *qiov; /* QIOV of the original request */
+ QEMUIOVector *qiov_gz; /* QIOV of the gz subrequest */
+ QEMUBH *bh; /* BH for cache */
+ z_stream *zStream; /* stream to use for decoding */
+ int zStream_id; /* stream id of the above pointer */
+ size_t start; /* offset into the uncompressed file */
+ size_t len; /* uncompressed bytes to read */
+ uint8_t *gzipped; /* the gzipped data */
+ uint8_t *buf; /* cached result */
+ size_t gz_len; /* amount of gzip data */
+ size_t gz_start; /* uncompressed starting point of gzip data */
+ uint64_t offset; /* offset for "start" into the uncompressed chunk */
+ int chunks_len; /* amount of uncompressed data in all gzip data */
+} DictZipAIOCB;
+
+typedef struct dict_cache {
+ size_t start;
+ size_t len;
+ uint8_t *buf;
+} DictCache;
+
+typedef struct BDRVDictZipState {
+ BlockDriverState *hd;
+ z_stream zStream[Z_STREAM_COUNT];
+ DictCache cache[CACHE_COUNT];
+ int cache_index;
+ uint8_t stream_in_use;
+ uint64_t chunk_len;
+ uint32_t chunk_cnt;
+ uint16_t *chunks;
+ uint32_t *chunks32;
+ uint64_t *offsets;
+ int64_t file_len;
+} BDRVDictZipState;
+
+static int dictzip_probe(const uint8_t *buf, int buf_size, const char *filename)
+{
+ if (buf_size < 2)
+ return 0;
+
+ /* We match on every gzip file */
+ if ((buf[0] == GZ_MAGIC1) && (buf[1] == GZ_MAGIC2))
+ return 100;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int start_zStream(z_stream *zStream)
+{
+ zStream->zalloc = NULL;
+ zStream->zfree = NULL;
+ zStream->opaque = NULL;
+ zStream->next_in = 0;
+ zStream->avail_in = 0;
+ zStream->next_out = NULL;
+ zStream->avail_out = 0;
+
+ return inflateInit2( zStream, -15 );
+}
+
+static QemuOptsList runtime_opts = {
+ .name = "dzip",
+ .head = QTAILQ_HEAD_INITIALIZER(runtime_opts.head),
+ .desc = {
+ {
+ .name = "filename",
+ .type = QEMU_OPT_STRING,
+ .help = "URL to the dictzip file",
+ },
+ { /* end of list */ }
+ },
+};
+
+static int dictzip_open(BlockDriverState *bs, QDict *options, int flags, Error **errp)
+{
+ BDRVDictZipState *s = bs->opaque;
+ const char *err = "Unknown (read error?)";
+ uint8_t magic[2];
+ char buf[100];
+ uint8_t header_flags;
+ uint16_t chunk_len16;
+ uint16_t chunk_cnt16;
+ uint16_t header_ver;
+ uint16_t tmp_short;
+ uint64_t offset;
+ int chunks_len;
+ int headerLength = GZ_XLEN - 1;
+ int rnd_offs;
+ int ret;
+ int i;
+ QemuOpts *opts;
+ Error *local_err = NULL;
+ const char *filename;
+
+ opts = qemu_opts_create(&runtime_opts, NULL, 0, &error_abort);
+ qemu_opts_absorb_qdict(opts, options, &local_err);
+ if (local_err != NULL) {
+ error_propagate(errp, local_err);
+ ret = -EINVAL;
+ goto fail;
+ }
+
+ filename = qemu_opt_get(opts, "filename");
+
+ if (!strncmp(filename, "dzip://", 7))
+ filename += 7;
+ else if (!strncmp(filename, "dzip:", 5))
+ filename += 5;
+
+ ret = bdrv_open(&s->hd, filename, NULL, NULL, flags | BDRV_O_PROTOCOL, NULL, &local_err);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ error_propagate(errp, local_err);
+ qemu_opts_del(opts);
+ return ret;
+ }
+
+ /* initialize zlib streams */
+ for (i = 0; i < Z_STREAM_COUNT; i++) {
+ if (start_zStream( &s->zStream[i] ) != Z_OK) {
+ err = s->zStream[i].msg;
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* gzip header */
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, GZ_ID, &magic, sizeof(magic)) != sizeof(magic))
+ goto fail;
+
+ if (!((magic[0] == GZ_MAGIC1) && (magic[1] == GZ_MAGIC2))) {
+ err = "No gzip file";
+ goto fail;
+ }
+
+ /* dzip header */
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, GZ_FLG, &header_flags, 1) != 1)
+ goto fail;
+
+ if (!(header_flags & GZ_FEXTRA)) {
+ err = "Not a dictzip file (wrong flags)";
+ goto fail;
+ }
+
+ /* extra length */
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, GZ_XLEN, &tmp_short, 2) != 2)
+ goto fail;
+
+ headerLength += le16_to_cpu(tmp_short) + 2;
+
+ /* DictZip magic */
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, GZ_SI, &magic, 2) != 2)
+ goto fail;
+
+ if (magic[0] != DZ_MAGIC1 || magic[1] != DZ_MAGIC2) {
+ err = "Not a dictzip file (missing extra magic)";
+ goto fail;
+ }
+
+ /* DictZip version */
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, GZ_VERSION, &header_ver, 2) != 2)
+ goto fail;
+
+ header_ver = le16_to_cpu(header_ver);
+
+ switch (header_ver) {
+ case 1: /* Normal DictZip */
+ /* number of chunks */
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, GZ_CHUNKSIZE, &chunk_len16, 2) != 2)
+ goto fail;
+
+ s->chunk_len = le16_to_cpu(chunk_len16);
+
+ /* chunk count */
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, GZ_CHUNKCNT, &chunk_cnt16, 2) != 2)
+ goto fail;
+
+ s->chunk_cnt = le16_to_cpu(chunk_cnt16);
+ chunks_len = sizeof(short) * s->chunk_cnt;
+ rnd_offs = GZ_RNDDATA;
+ break;
+ case 99: /* Special Alex pigz version */
+ /* number of chunks */
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, GZ_99_CHUNKSIZE, &s->chunk_len, 4) != 4)
+ goto fail;
+
+ dprintf("chunk len [%#x] = %d\n", GZ_99_CHUNKSIZE, s->chunk_len);
+ s->chunk_len = le32_to_cpu(s->chunk_len);
+
+ /* chunk count */
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, GZ_99_CHUNKCNT, &s->chunk_cnt, 4) != 4)
+ goto fail;
+
+ s->chunk_cnt = le32_to_cpu(s->chunk_cnt);
+
+ dprintf("chunk len | count = %d | %d\n", s->chunk_len, s->chunk_cnt);
+
+ /* file size */
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, GZ_99_FILESIZE, &s->file_len, 8) != 8)
+ goto fail;
+
+ s->file_len = le64_to_cpu(s->file_len);
+ chunks_len = sizeof(int) * s->chunk_cnt;
+ rnd_offs = GZ_99_RNDDATA;
+ break;
+ default:
+ err = "Invalid DictZip version";
+ goto fail;
+ }
+
+ /* random access data */
+ s->chunks = g_malloc(chunks_len);
+ if (header_ver == 99)
+ s->chunks32 = (uint32_t *)s->chunks;
+
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, rnd_offs, s->chunks, chunks_len) != chunks_len)
+ goto fail;
+
+ /* orig filename */
+ if (header_flags & GZ_FNAME) {
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, headerLength + 1, buf, sizeof(buf)) != sizeof(buf))
+ goto fail;
+
+ buf[sizeof(buf) - 1] = '\0';
+ headerLength += strlen(buf) + 1;
+
+ if (strlen(buf) == sizeof(buf))
+ goto fail;
+
+ dprintf("filename: %s\n", buf);
+ }
+
+ /* comment field */
+ if (header_flags & GZ_COMMENT) {
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, headerLength, buf, sizeof(buf)) != sizeof(buf))
+ goto fail;
+
+ buf[sizeof(buf) - 1] = '\0';
+ headerLength += strlen(buf) + 1;
+
+ if (strlen(buf) == sizeof(buf))
+ goto fail;
+
+ dprintf("comment: %s\n", buf);
+ }
+
+ if (header_flags & GZ_FHCRC)
+ headerLength += 2;
+
+ /* uncompressed file length*/
+ if (!s->file_len) {
+ uint32_t file_len;
+
+ if (bdrv_pread(s->hd, bdrv_getlength(s->hd) - 4, &file_len, 4) != 4)
+ goto fail;
+
+ s->file_len = le32_to_cpu(file_len);
+ }
+
+ /* compute offsets */
+ s->offsets = g_malloc(sizeof( *s->offsets ) * s->chunk_cnt);
+
+ for (offset = headerLength + 1, i = 0; i < s->chunk_cnt; i++) {
+ s->offsets[i] = offset;
+ switch (header_ver) {
+ case 1:
+ offset += s->chunks[i];
+ break;
+ case 99:
+ offset += s->chunks32[i];
+ break;
+ }
+
+ dprintf("chunk %#x - %#x = offset %#x -> %#x\n", i * s->chunk_len, (i+1) * s->chunk_len, s->offsets[i], offset);
+ }
+ qemu_opts_del(opts);
+
+ return 0;
+
+fail:
+ fprintf(stderr, "DictZip: Error opening file: %s\n", err);
+ bdrv_unref(s->hd);
+ if (s->chunks)
+ g_free(s->chunks);
+ qemu_opts_del(opts);
+ return -EINVAL;
+}
+
+/* This callback gets invoked when we have the result in cache already */
+static void dictzip_cache_cb(void *opaque)
+{
+ DictZipAIOCB *acb = (DictZipAIOCB *)opaque;
+
+ qemu_iovec_from_buf(acb->qiov, 0, acb->buf, acb->len);
+ acb->common.cb(acb->common.opaque, 0);
+ qemu_bh_delete(acb->bh);
+ qemu_aio_unref(acb);
+}
+
+/* This callback gets invoked by the underlying block reader when we have
+ * all compressed data. We uncompress in here. */
+static void dictzip_read_cb(void *opaque, int ret)
+{
+ DictZipAIOCB *acb = (DictZipAIOCB *)opaque;
+ struct BDRVDictZipState *s = acb->s;
+ uint8_t *buf;
+ DictCache *cache;
+ int r;
+
+ buf = g_malloc(acb->chunks_len);
+
+ /* uncompress the chunk */
+ acb->zStream->next_in = acb->gzipped;
+ acb->zStream->avail_in = acb->gz_len;
+ acb->zStream->next_out = buf;
+ acb->zStream->avail_out = acb->chunks_len;
+
+ r = inflate( acb->zStream, Z_PARTIAL_FLUSH );
+ if ( (r != Z_OK) && (r != Z_STREAM_END) )
+ fprintf(stderr, "Error inflating: [%d] %s\n", r, acb->zStream->msg);
+
+ if ( r == Z_STREAM_END )
+ inflateReset(acb->zStream);
+
+ dprintf("inflating [%d] left: %d | %d bytes\n", r, acb->zStream->avail_in, acb->zStream->avail_out);
+ s->stream_in_use &= ~(1 << acb->zStream_id);
+
+ /* nofity the caller */
+ qemu_iovec_from_buf(acb->qiov, 0, buf + acb->offset, acb->len);
+ acb->common.cb(acb->common.opaque, 0);
+
+ /* fill the cache */
+ cache = &s->cache[s->cache_index];
+ s->cache_index++;
+ if (s->cache_index == CACHE_COUNT)
+ s->cache_index = 0;
+
+ cache->len = 0;
+ if (cache->buf)
+ g_free(cache->buf);
+ cache->start = acb->gz_start;
+ cache->buf = buf;
+ cache->len = acb->chunks_len;
+
+ /* free occupied ressources */
+ g_free(acb->qiov_gz);
+ qemu_aio_unref(acb);
+}
+
+static void dictzip_aio_cancel(BlockAIOCB *blockacb)
+{
+}
+
+static const AIOCBInfo dictzip_aiocb_info = {
+ .aiocb_size = sizeof(DictZipAIOCB),
+ .cancel_async = dictzip_aio_cancel,
+};
+
+/* This is where we get a request from a caller to read something */
+static BlockAIOCB *dictzip_aio_readv(BlockDriverState *bs,
+ int64_t sector_num, QEMUIOVector *qiov, int nb_sectors,
+ BlockCompletionFunc *cb, void *opaque)
+{
+ BDRVDictZipState *s = bs->opaque;
+ DictZipAIOCB *acb;
+ QEMUIOVector *qiov_gz;
+ struct iovec *iov;
+ uint8_t *buf;
+ size_t start = sector_num * SECTOR_SIZE;
+ size_t len = nb_sectors * SECTOR_SIZE;
+ size_t end = start + len;
+ size_t gz_start;
+ size_t gz_len;
+ int64_t gz_sector_num;
+ int gz_nb_sectors;
+ int first_chunk, last_chunk;
+ int first_offset;
+ int i;
+
+ acb = qemu_aio_get(&dictzip_aiocb_info, bs, cb, opaque);
+ if (!acb)
+ return NULL;
+
+ /* Search Cache */
+ for (i = 0; i < CACHE_COUNT; i++) {
+ if (!s->cache[i].len)
+ continue;
+
+ if ((start >= s->cache[i].start) &&
+ (end <= (s->cache[i].start + s->cache[i].len))) {
+ acb->buf = s->cache[i].buf + (start - s->cache[i].start);
+ acb->len = len;
+ acb->qiov = qiov;
+ acb->bh = qemu_bh_new(dictzip_cache_cb, acb);
+ qemu_bh_schedule(acb->bh);
+
+ return &acb->common;
+ }
+ }
+
+ /* No cache, so let's decode */
+ do {
+ for (i = 0; i < Z_STREAM_COUNT; i++) {
+ if (!(s->stream_in_use & (1 << i))) {
+ s->stream_in_use |= (1 << i);
+ acb->zStream_id = i;
+ acb->zStream = &s->zStream[i];
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ } while(!acb->zStream);
+
+ /* We need to read these chunks */
+ first_chunk = start / s->chunk_len;
+ first_offset = start - first_chunk * s->chunk_len;
+ last_chunk = end / s->chunk_len;
+
+ gz_start = s->offsets[first_chunk];
+ gz_len = 0;
+ for (i = first_chunk; i <= last_chunk; i++) {
+ if (s->chunks32)
+ gz_len += s->chunks32[i];
+ else
+ gz_len += s->chunks[i];
+ }
+
+ gz_sector_num = gz_start / SECTOR_SIZE;
+ gz_nb_sectors = (gz_len / SECTOR_SIZE);
+
+ /* account for tail and heads */
+ while ((gz_start + gz_len) > ((gz_sector_num + gz_nb_sectors) * SECTOR_SIZE))
+ gz_nb_sectors++;
+
+ /* Allocate qiov, iov and buf in one chunk so we only need to free qiov */
+ qiov_gz = g_malloc0(sizeof(QEMUIOVector) + sizeof(struct iovec) +
+ (gz_nb_sectors * SECTOR_SIZE));
+ iov = (struct iovec *)(((char *)qiov_gz) + sizeof(QEMUIOVector));
+ buf = ((uint8_t *)iov) + sizeof(struct iovec *);
+
+ /* Kick off the read by the backing file, so we can start decompressing */
+ iov->iov_base = (void *)buf;
+ iov->iov_len = gz_nb_sectors * 512;
+ qemu_iovec_init_external(qiov_gz, iov, 1);
+
+ dprintf("read %d - %d => %d - %d\n", start, end, gz_start, gz_start + gz_len);
+
+ acb->s = s;
+ acb->qiov = qiov;
+ acb->qiov_gz = qiov_gz;
+ acb->start = start;
+ acb->len = len;
+ acb->gzipped = buf + (gz_start % SECTOR_SIZE);
+ acb->gz_len = gz_len;
+ acb->gz_start = first_chunk * s->chunk_len;
+ acb->offset = first_offset;
+ acb->chunks_len = (last_chunk - first_chunk + 1) * s->chunk_len;
+
+ return bdrv_aio_readv(s->hd, gz_sector_num, qiov_gz, gz_nb_sectors,
+ dictzip_read_cb, acb);
+}
+
+static void dictzip_close(BlockDriverState *bs)
+{
+ BDRVDictZipState *s = bs->opaque;
+ int i;
+
+ for (i = 0; i < CACHE_COUNT; i++) {
+ if (!s->cache[i].len)
+ continue;
+
+ g_free(s->cache[i].buf);
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < Z_STREAM_COUNT; i++) {
+ inflateEnd(&s->zStream[i]);
+ }
+
+ if (s->chunks)
+ g_free(s->chunks);
+
+ if (s->offsets)
+ g_free(s->offsets);
+
+ dprintf("Close\n");
+}
+
+static int64_t dictzip_getlength(BlockDriverState *bs)
+{
+ BDRVDictZipState *s = bs->opaque;
+ dprintf("getlength -> %ld\n", s->file_len);
+ return s->file_len;
+}
+
+static BlockDriver bdrv_dictzip = {
+ .format_name = "dzip",
+ .protocol_name = "dzip",
+
+ .instance_size = sizeof(BDRVDictZipState),
+ .bdrv_file_open = dictzip_open,
+ .bdrv_close = dictzip_close,
+ .bdrv_getlength = dictzip_getlength,
+ .bdrv_probe = dictzip_probe,
+
+ .bdrv_aio_readv = dictzip_aio_readv,
+};
+
+static void dictzip_block_init(void)
+{
+ bdrv_register(&bdrv_dictzip);
+}
+
+block_init(dictzip_block_init);