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path: root/src/binder/clrprivbindercoreclr.cpp
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// Licensed to the .NET Foundation under one or more agreements.
// The .NET Foundation licenses this file to you under the MIT license.
// See the LICENSE file in the project root for more information.

#include "common.h"
#include "assemblybinder.hpp"
#include "clrprivbindercoreclr.h"
#include "clrprivbinderutil.h"

using namespace BINDER_SPACE;

//=============================================================================
// Helper functions
//-----------------------------------------------------------------------------

HRESULT CLRPrivBinderCoreCLR::BindAssemblyByNameWorker(BINDER_SPACE::AssemblyName *pAssemblyName,
                                                       BINDER_SPACE::Assembly **ppCoreCLRFoundAssembly,
                                                       bool excludeAppPaths)
{
    VALIDATE_ARG_RET(pAssemblyName != nullptr && ppCoreCLRFoundAssembly != nullptr);
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;
    
#ifdef _DEBUG
    // MSCORLIB should be bound using BindToSystem
    _ASSERTE(!pAssemblyName->IsMscorlib());
#endif

    hr = AssemblyBinder::BindAssembly(&m_appContext,
                                      pAssemblyName,
                                      NULL,
                                      NULL,
                                      FALSE, //fNgenExplicitBind,
                                      FALSE, //fExplicitBindToNativeImage,
                                      excludeAppPaths,
                                      ppCoreCLRFoundAssembly);
    if (!FAILED(hr))
    {
        (*ppCoreCLRFoundAssembly)->SetBinder(this);
    }
    
    return hr;
}

// ============================================================================
// CLRPrivBinderCoreCLR implementation
// ============================================================================
HRESULT CLRPrivBinderCoreCLR::BindAssemblyByName(IAssemblyName     *pIAssemblyName,
                                                 ICLRPrivAssembly **ppAssembly)
{
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;
    VALIDATE_ARG_RET(pIAssemblyName != nullptr && ppAssembly != nullptr);
    
    EX_TRY
    {
        *ppAssembly = nullptr;

        ReleaseHolder<BINDER_SPACE::Assembly> pCoreCLRFoundAssembly;
        ReleaseHolder<AssemblyName> pAssemblyName;

        SAFE_NEW(pAssemblyName, AssemblyName);
        IF_FAIL_GO(pAssemblyName->Init(pIAssemblyName));
        
        hr = BindAssemblyByNameWorker(pAssemblyName, &pCoreCLRFoundAssembly, false /* excludeAppPaths */);

#if !defined(DACCESS_COMPILE) && !defined(CROSSGEN_COMPILE)
        if ((hr == HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND)) ||
            (hr == FUSION_E_APP_DOMAIN_LOCKED) || (hr == FUSION_E_REF_DEF_MISMATCH))
        {
            // If we are here, one of the following is possible:
            //
            // 1) The assembly has not been found in the current binder's application context (i.e. it has not already been loaded), OR
            // 2) An assembly with the same simple name was already loaded in the context of the current binder but we ran into a Ref/Def
            //    mismatch (either due to version difference or strong-name difference).
            //
            // Thus, if default binder has been overridden, then invoke it in an attempt to perform the binding for it make the call
            // of what to do next. The host-overridden binder can either fail the bind or return reference to an existing assembly
            // that has been loaded.

            // Attempt to resolve the assembly via managed TPA ALC instance if one exists
            INT_PTR pManagedAssemblyLoadContext = GetManagedAssemblyLoadContext();
            if (pManagedAssemblyLoadContext != NULL)
            {
              hr = AssemblyBinder::BindUsingHostAssemblyResolver(pManagedAssemblyLoadContext, pAssemblyName, pIAssemblyName, 
              NULL, &pCoreCLRFoundAssembly);
              if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
              {
                  // We maybe returned an assembly that was bound to a different AssemblyLoadContext instance.
                  // In such a case, we will not overwrite the binding context (which would be wrong since it would not
                  // be present in the cache of the current binding context).
                  if (pCoreCLRFoundAssembly->GetBinder() == NULL)
                  {
                      pCoreCLRFoundAssembly->SetBinder(this);
                  }
              }
            }
        }
#endif // !defined(DACCESS_COMPILE) && !defined(CROSSGEN_COMPILE)
        
        IF_FAIL_GO(hr);

        *ppAssembly = pCoreCLRFoundAssembly.Extract();

Exit:;        
    }
    EX_CATCH_HRESULT(hr);

    return hr;
}

#if !defined(DACCESS_COMPILE) && !defined(CROSSGEN_COMPILE)
HRESULT CLRPrivBinderCoreCLR::BindUsingPEImage( /* in */ PEImage *pPEImage, 
                                                            /* in */ BOOL fIsNativeImage, 
                                                            /* [retval][out] */ ICLRPrivAssembly **ppAssembly)
{
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;

    EX_TRY
    {
        ReleaseHolder<BINDER_SPACE::Assembly> pCoreCLRFoundAssembly;
        ReleaseHolder<BINDER_SPACE::AssemblyName> pAssemblyName;        
        ReleaseHolder<IMDInternalImport> pIMetaDataAssemblyImport;
        
        PEKIND PeKind = peNone;
        
        // Get the Metadata interface
        DWORD dwPAFlags[2];
        IF_FAIL_GO(BinderAcquireImport(pPEImage, &pIMetaDataAssemblyImport, dwPAFlags, fIsNativeImage));
        IF_FAIL_GO(AssemblyBinder::TranslatePEToArchitectureType(dwPAFlags, &PeKind));
        
        _ASSERTE(pIMetaDataAssemblyImport != NULL);
        
        // Using the information we just got, initialize the assemblyname
        SAFE_NEW(pAssemblyName, AssemblyName);
        IF_FAIL_GO(pAssemblyName->Init(pIMetaDataAssemblyImport, PeKind));
        
        // Validate architecture
        if (!BINDER_SPACE::Assembly::IsValidArchitecture(pAssemblyName->GetArchitecture()))
        {
            fprintf(stderr, "@@[SR] %s:%d\n");
            IF_FAIL_GO(HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(ERROR_BAD_FORMAT));
        }
        
        // Ensure we are not being asked to bind to a TPA assembly
        //
        // Easy out for mscorlib
        if (pAssemblyName->IsMscorlib())
        {
            IF_FAIL_GO(HRESULT_FROM_WIN32(ERROR_FILE_NOT_FOUND));
        }

        {
            SString& simpleName = pAssemblyName->GetSimpleName();
            SimpleNameToFileNameMap * tpaMap = GetAppContext()->GetTpaList();
            if (tpaMap->LookupPtr(simpleName.GetUnicode()) != NULL)
            {
                // The simple name of the assembly being requested to be bound was found in the TPA list.
                // Now, perform the actual bind to see if the assembly was really in the TPA assembly list or not.
                hr = BindAssemblyByNameWorker(pAssemblyName, &pCoreCLRFoundAssembly, true /* excludeAppPaths */);
                if (SUCCEEDED(hr))
                {
                    if (pCoreCLRFoundAssembly->GetIsInGAC())
                    {
                        *ppAssembly = pCoreCLRFoundAssembly.Extract();
                        goto Exit;                        
                    }
                }
            }
            
            hr = AssemblyBinder::BindUsingPEImage(&m_appContext, pAssemblyName, pPEImage, PeKind, pIMetaDataAssemblyImport, &pCoreCLRFoundAssembly);
            if (hr == S_OK)
            {
                _ASSERTE(pCoreCLRFoundAssembly != NULL);
                pCoreCLRFoundAssembly->SetBinder(this);
                *ppAssembly = pCoreCLRFoundAssembly.Extract();
            }
        }
Exit:;        
    }
    EX_CATCH_HRESULT(hr);

    return hr;
}
#endif // !defined(DACCESS_COMPILE) && !defined(CROSSGEN_COMPILE)

HRESULT CLRPrivBinderCoreCLR::VerifyBind(IAssemblyName        *AssemblyName,
                                         ICLRPrivAssembly     *pAssembly,
                                         ICLRPrivAssemblyInfo *pAssemblyInfo)
{
    return E_FAIL;
}
         
HRESULT CLRPrivBinderCoreCLR::GetBinderFlags(DWORD *pBinderFlags)
{
    if (pBinderFlags == NULL)
        return E_INVALIDARG;
    *pBinderFlags = BINDER_NONE;
    return S_OK;
}
         
HRESULT CLRPrivBinderCoreCLR::GetBinderID( 
        UINT_PTR *pBinderId)
{
    *pBinderId = reinterpret_cast<UINT_PTR>(this); 
    return S_OK;
}
         
HRESULT CLRPrivBinderCoreCLR::FindAssemblyBySpec( 
            LPVOID pvAppDomain,
            LPVOID pvAssemblySpec,
            HRESULT *pResult,
            ICLRPrivAssembly **ppAssembly)
{
    // We are not using a cache at this level
    // However, assemblies bound by the CoreCLR binder is already cached in the
    // AppDomain and will be resolved from there if required
    return E_FAIL;
}

HRESULT CLRPrivBinderCoreCLR::SetupBindingPaths(SString  &sTrustedPlatformAssemblies,
                                                SString  &sPlatformResourceRoots,
                                                SString  &sAppPaths,
                                                SString  &sAppNiPaths)
{
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;
    
    EX_TRY
    {
        hr = m_appContext.SetupBindingPaths(sTrustedPlatformAssemblies, sPlatformResourceRoots, sAppPaths, sAppNiPaths, TRUE /* fAcquireLock */);
    }
    EX_CATCH_HRESULT(hr);
    return hr;
}

bool CLRPrivBinderCoreCLR::IsInTpaList(const SString &sFileName)
{
    bool fIsFileOnTpaList = false;
    
    TpaFileNameHash * tpaFileNameMap = m_appContext.GetTpaFileNameList();
    if (tpaFileNameMap != nullptr)
    {
        const FileNameMapEntry *pTpaEntry = tpaFileNameMap->LookupPtr(sFileName.GetUnicode());
        fIsFileOnTpaList = (pTpaEntry != nullptr);
    }
    
    return fIsFileOnTpaList;
}

// See code:BINDER_SPACE::AssemblyBinder::GetAssembly for info on fNgenExplicitBind
// and fExplicitBindToNativeImage, and see code:CEECompileInfo::LoadAssemblyByPath
// for an example of how they're used.
HRESULT CLRPrivBinderCoreCLR::Bind(SString           &assemblyDisplayName,
                                   LPCWSTR            wszCodeBase,
                                   PEAssembly        *pParentAssembly,
                                   BOOL               fNgenExplicitBind,
                                   BOOL               fExplicitBindToNativeImage,
                                   ICLRPrivAssembly **ppAssembly)
{
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;
    VALIDATE_ARG_RET(ppAssembly != NULL);

    AssemblyName assemblyName;
    
    ReleaseHolder<AssemblyName> pAssemblyName;
    
    if (!assemblyDisplayName.IsEmpty())
    {
        // AssemblyDisplayName can be empty if wszCodeBase is specified.
        SAFE_NEW(pAssemblyName, AssemblyName);
        IF_FAIL_GO(pAssemblyName->Init(assemblyDisplayName));
    }
    
    EX_TRY
    {
        ReleaseHolder<BINDER_SPACE::Assembly> pAsm;
        hr = AssemblyBinder::BindAssembly(&m_appContext,
                                          pAssemblyName,
                                          wszCodeBase,
                                          pParentAssembly,
                                          fNgenExplicitBind,
                                          fExplicitBindToNativeImage,
                                          false, // excludeAppPaths
                                          &pAsm);
        if(SUCCEEDED(hr))
        {
            _ASSERTE(pAsm != NULL);
            pAsm->SetBinder(this);
            *ppAssembly = pAsm.Extract();
        }
    }
    EX_CATCH_HRESULT(hr);
    
Exit:    
    return hr;
}

#ifndef CROSSGEN_COMPILE
HRESULT CLRPrivBinderCoreCLR::PreBindByteArray(PEImage  *pPEImage, BOOL fInspectionOnly)
{
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;
    VALIDATE_ARG_RET(pPEImage != NULL);

    EX_TRY
    {
        hr = AssemblyBinder::PreBindByteArray(&m_appContext, pPEImage, fInspectionOnly);
    }
    EX_CATCH_HRESULT(hr);
    
    return hr;
}
#endif // CROSSGEN_COMPILE