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authorDominick Meglio <dcm5151@esu.edu>2005-05-16 18:06:54 (GMT)
committerDominick Meglio <dcm5151@esu.edu>2005-05-16 18:06:54 (GMT)
commitaba0b775ea30596d8666e8e403d2efb8f647358d (patch)
tree3df88f0681b1f161b06676207a0bfe8180490386 /ares_getnameinfo.3
parenta6f7820033f0528cc6b7d32e7515a7d4d520238e (diff)
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Added ares_getnameinfo which mimics the getnameinfo API
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+.\" $Id$
+.\"
+.\" Copyright 2005 by Dominick Meglio.
+.\"
+.\" Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this
+.\" software and its documentation for any purpose and without
+.\" fee is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright
+.\" notice appear in all copies and that both that copyright
+.\" notice and this permission notice appear in supporting
+.\" documentation, and that the name of M.I.T. not be used in
+.\" advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of the
+.\" software without specific, written prior permission.
+.\" M.I.T. makes no representations about the suitability of
+.\" this software for any purpose. It is provided "as is"
+.\" without express or implied warranty.
+.\"
+.TH ARES_GETNAMEINFO 3 "16 May 2005"
+.SH NAME
+ares_getnameinfo \- Address-to-nodename translation in protocol-independent manner
+.SH SYNOPSIS
+.nf
+.B #include <ares.h>
+.PP
+.B typedef void (*ares_nameinfo_callback)(void *\fIarg\fP, int \fIstatus\fP,
+.B char *\fInode\fP, char *\fIservice\fP)
+.PP
+.B void ares_getnameinfo(ares_channel \fIchannel\fP, const struct sockaddr *\fIsa\fP,
+.B socklen_t \fIsalen\fP, int \fIflags\fP, ares_nameinfo_callback \fIcallback\fP,
+.B void *\fIarg\fP)
+.fi
+.SH DESCRIPTION
+The
+.B ares_getnameinfo
+function is defined for protocol-independent address translation. The function
+is a combination of \fIares_gethostbyaddr(3)\fP and \fIgetservbyport(3)\fP. The function will
+translate the address either by executing a host query on the name service channel
+identified by
+.IR channel
+or it will attempt to resolve it locally if possible.
+The parameters
+.I sa
+and
+.I len
+give the address as a sockaddr structure, and
+.I flags
+gives the options that the function will use. Valid flags are listed below:
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_NI_NOFQDN
+Only the nodename portion of the FQDN is returned for local hosts.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_NI_NUMERICHOST
+The numeric form of the hostname is returned rather than the name.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_NI_NAMEREQD
+An error is returned if the hostname cannot be found in the DNS.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_NI_NUMERICSERV
+The numeric form of the service is returned rather than the name.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_NI_TCP
+The service name is to be looked up for the TCP protocol.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_NI_UDP
+The service name is to be looked up for the UDP protocol.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_NI_SCTP
+The service name is to be looked up for the SCTP protocol.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_NI_DCCP
+The service name is to be looked up for the DCCP protocol.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_NI_NUMERICSCOPE
+The numeric form of the scope ID is returned rather than the name.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_NI_LOOKUPHOST
+A hostname lookup is being requested.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_NI_LOOKUPSERVICE
+A service name lookup is being requested.
+.PP
+When the query
+is complete or has
+failed, the ares library will invoke \fIcallback\fP. Completion or failure of
+the query may happen immediately, or may happen during a later call to
+\fIares_process(3)\fP, \fIares_destroy(3)\fP or \fIares_cancel(3)\fP.
+.PP
+The callback argument
+.I arg
+is copied from the
+.B ares_getnameinfo
+argument
+.IR arg .
+The callback argument
+.I status
+indicates whether the query succeeded and, if not, how it failed. It
+may have any of the following values:
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_SUCCESS
+The host lookup completed successfully.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_ENOTIMP
+The ares library does not know how to look up addresses of type
+.IR family .
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_ENOTFOUND
+The address
+.I addr
+was not found.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_ENOMEM
+Memory was exhausted.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_EDESTRUCTION
+The name service channel
+.I channel
+is being destroyed; the query will not be completed.
+.TP 19
+.B ARES_EBADFLAGS
+The
+.I flags
+parameter contains an illegal value.
+.PP
+On successful completion of the query, the callback argument
+.I node
+contains a string representing the hostname (assuming
+.B ARES_NI_LOOKUPHOST
+was specified). Additionally,
+.I service
+contains a string representing the service name (assuming
+.B ARES_NI_LOOKUPSERVICE
+was specified).
+If the query did not complete successfully, or one of the values
+was not requested,
+.I node
+or
+.I service
+will be
+.BR NULL .
+.SH SEE ALSO
+.BR ares_process (3),
+.BR ares_getaddrinfo (3)
+.SH AUTHOR
+Dominick Meglio
+.br
+Copyright 2005 by Dominick Meglio.