path: root/kernel/fork.c
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2014-12-29mm: allow drivers to prevent new writable mappingsrefs/changes/04/32904/1David Herrmann1-1/+1
This patch (of 6): The i_mmap_writable field counts existing writable mappings of an address_space. To allow drivers to prevent new writable mappings, make this counter signed and prevent new writable mappings if it is negative. This is modelled after i_writecount and DENYWRITE. This will be required by the shmem-sealing infrastructure to prevent any new writable mappings after the WRITE seal has been set. In case there exists a writable mapping, this operation will fail with EBUSY. Note that we rely on the fact that iff you already own a writable mapping, you can increase the counter without using the helpers. This is the same that we do for i_writecount. Signed-off-by: David Herrmann <> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <> Cc: Ryan Lortie <> Cc: Lennart Poettering <> Cc: Daniel Mack <> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Change-Id: If33fdcedbcf202ab177c4e21afc7eec261088a8b Origin: Backported-by: Maciej Wereski <> Signed-off-by: Maciej Wereski <>
2014-10-09perf: fix perf bug in fork()Peter Zijlstra1-2/+3
commit 6c72e3501d0d62fc064d3680e5234f3463ec5a86 upstream. Oleg noticed that a cleanup by Sylvain actually uncovered a bug; by calling perf_event_free_task() when failing sched_fork() we will not yet have done the memset() on ->perf_event_ctxp[] and will therefore try and 'free' the inherited contexts, which are still in use by the parent process. This is bad.. Suggested-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Reported-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Reported-by: Sylvain 'ythier' Hitier <> Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <> Cc: Ingo Molnar <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
2014-10-05introduce for_each_thread() to replace the buggy while_each_thread()Oleg Nesterov1-0/+7
commit 0c740d0afc3bff0a097ad03a1c8df92757516f5c upstream. while_each_thread() and next_thread() should die, almost every lockless usage is wrong. 1. Unless g == current, the lockless while_each_thread() is not safe. while_each_thread(g, t) can loop forever if g exits, next_thread() can't reach the unhashed thread in this case. Note that this can happen even if g is the group leader, it can exec. 2. Even if while_each_thread() itself was correct, people often use it wrongly. It was never safe to just take rcu_read_lock() and loop unless you verify that pid_alive(g) == T, even the first next_thread() can point to the already freed/reused memory. This patch adds signal_struct->thread_head and task->thread_node to create the normal rcu-safe list with the stable head. The new for_each_thread(g, t) helper is always safe under rcu_read_lock() as long as this task_struct can't go away. Note: of course it is ugly to have both task_struct->thread_node and the old task_struct->thread_group, we will kill it later, after we change the users of while_each_thread() to use for_each_thread(). Perhaps we can kill it even before we convert all users, we can reimplement next_thread(t) using the new thread_head/thread_node. But we can't do this right now because this will lead to subtle behavioural changes. For example, do/while_each_thread() always sees at least one task, while for_each_thread() can do nothing if the whole thread group has died. Or thread_group_empty(), currently its semantics is not clear unless thread_group_leader(p) and we need to audit the callers before we can change it. So this patch adds the new interface which has to coexist with the old one for some time, hopefully the next changes will be more or less straightforward and the old one will go away soon. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Reviewed-by: Sergey Dyasly <> Tested-by: Sergey Dyasly <> Reviewed-by: Sameer Nanda <> Acked-by: David Rientjes <> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <> Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <> Cc: Mandeep Singh Baines <> Cc: "Ma, Xindong" <> Cc: Michal Hocko <> Cc: "Tu, Xiaobing" <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Cc: Li Zefan <> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
2014-10-05kernel/fork.c:copy_process(): unify CLONE_THREAD-or-thread_group_leader codeOleg Nesterov1-8/+7
commit 80628ca06c5d42929de6bc22c0a41589a834d151 upstream. Cleanup and preparation for the next changes. Move the "if (clone_flags & CLONE_THREAD)" code down under "if (likely(p->pid))" and turn it into into the "else" branch. This makes the process/thread initialization more symmetrical and removes one check. Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <> Cc: Michal Hocko <> Cc: Pavel Emelyanov <> Cc: Sergey Dyasly <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Cc: Li Zefan <> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
2014-07-07tracing: Fix syscall_*regfunc() vs copy_process() raceOleg Nesterov1-0/+2
commit 4af4206be2bd1933cae20c2b6fb2058dbc887f7c upstream. syscall_regfunc() and syscall_unregfunc() should set/clear TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT system-wide, but do_each_thread() can race with copy_process() and miss the new child which was not added to the process/thread lists yet. Change copy_process() to update the child's TIF_SYSCALL_TRACEPOINT under tasklist. Link: Fixes: a871bd33a6c0 "tracing: Add syscall tracepoints" Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <> Acked-by: Paul E. McKenney <> Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Signed-off-by: Steven Rostedt <> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
2014-07-01ptrace: fix fork event messages across pid namespacesMatthew Dempsky1-3/+7
commit 4e52365f279564cef0ddd41db5237f0471381093 upstream. When tracing a process in another pid namespace, it's important for fork event messages to contain the child's pid as seen from the tracer's pid namespace, not the parent's. Otherwise, the tracer won't be able to correlate the fork event with later SIGTRAP signals it receives from the child. We still risk a race condition if a ptracer from a different pid namespace attaches after we compute the pid_t value. However, sending a bogus fork event message in this unlikely scenario is still a vast improvement over the status quo where we always send bogus fork event messages to debuggers in a different pid namespace than the forking process. Signed-off-by: Matthew Dempsky <> Acked-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Cc: Kees Cook <> Cc: Julien Tinnes <> Cc: Roland McGrath <> Cc: Jan Kratochvil <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
2014-01-09mm: fix TLB flush race between migration, and change_protection_rangeRik van Riel1-0/+1
commit 20841405940e7be0617612d521e206e4b6b325db upstream. There are a few subtle races, between change_protection_range (used by mprotect and change_prot_numa) on one side, and NUMA page migration and compaction on the other side. The basic race is that there is a time window between when the PTE gets made non-present (PROT_NONE or NUMA), and the TLB is flushed. During that time, a CPU may continue writing to the page. This is fine most of the time, however compaction or the NUMA migration code may come in, and migrate the page away. When that happens, the CPU may continue writing, through the cached translation, to what is no longer the current memory location of the process. This only affects x86, which has a somewhat optimistic pte_accessible. All other architectures appear to be safe, and will either always flush, or flush whenever there is a valid mapping, even with no permissions (SPARC). The basic race looks like this: CPU A CPU B CPU C load TLB entry make entry PTE/PMD_NUMA fault on entry read/write old page start migrating page change PTE/PMD to new page read/write old page [*] flush TLB reload TLB from new entry read/write new page lose data [*] the old page may belong to a new user at this point! The obvious fix is to flush remote TLB entries, by making sure that pte_accessible aware of the fact that PROT_NONE and PROT_NUMA memory may still be accessible if there is a TLB flush pending for the mm. This should fix both NUMA migration and compaction. [ fix build] Signed-off-by: Rik van Riel <> Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <> Cc: Alex Thorlton <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
2013-09-27pidns: fix vfork() after unshare(CLONE_NEWPID)Oleg Nesterov1-3/+4
commit e79f525e99b04390ca4d2366309545a836c03bf1 upstream. Commit 8382fcac1b81 ("pidns: Outlaw thread creation after unshare(CLONE_NEWPID)") nacks CLONE_VM if the forking process unshared pid_ns, this obviously breaks vfork: int main(void) { assert(unshare(CLONE_NEWUSER | CLONE_NEWPID) == 0); assert(vfork() >= 0); _exit(0); return 0; } fails without this patch. Change this check to use CLONE_SIGHAND instead. This also forbids CLONE_THREAD automatically, and this is what the comment implies. We could probably even drop CLONE_SIGHAND and use CLONE_THREAD, but it would be safer to not do this. The current check denies CLONE_SIGHAND implicitely and there is no reason to change this. Eric said "CLONE_SIGHAND is fine. CLONE_THREAD would be even better. Having shared signal handling between two different pid namespaces is the case that we are fundamentally guarding against." Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Reported-by: Colin Walters <> Acked-by: Andy Lutomirski <> Reviewed-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
2013-08-20microblaze: fix clone syscallMichal Simek1-0/+6
commit dfa9771a7c4784bafd0673bc7abcee3813088b77 upstream. Fix inadvertent breakage in the clone syscall ABI for Microblaze that was introduced in commit f3268edbe6fe ("microblaze: switch to generic fork/vfork/clone"). The Microblaze syscall ABI for clone takes the parent tid address in the 4th argument; the third argument slot is used for the stack size. The incorrectly-used CLONE_BACKWARDS type assigned parent tid to the 3rd slot. This commit restores the original ABI so that existing userspace libc code will work correctly. All kernel versions from v3.8-rc1 were affected. Signed-off-by: Michal Simek <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <>
2013-05-08Merge branch 'for-3.10/drivers' of git:// Torvalds1-0/+4
Pull block driver updates from Jens Axboe: "It might look big in volume, but when categorized, not a lot of drivers are touched. The pull request contains: - mtip32xx fixes from Micron. - A slew of drbd updates, this time in a nicer series. - bcache, a flash/ssd caching framework from Kent. - Fixes for cciss" * 'for-3.10/drivers' of git:// (66 commits) bcache: Use bd_link_disk_holder() bcache: Allocator cleanup/fixes cciss: bug fix to prevent cciss from loading in kdump crash kernel cciss: add cciss_allow_hpsa module parameter drivers/block/mg_disk.c: add CONFIG_PM_SLEEP to suspend/resume functions mtip32xx: Workaround for unaligned writes bcache: Make sure blocksize isn't smaller than device blocksize bcache: Fix merge_bvec_fn usage for when it modifies the bvm bcache: Correctly check against BIO_MAX_PAGES bcache: Hack around stuff that clones up to bi_max_vecs bcache: Set ra_pages based on backing device's ra_pages bcache: Take data offset from the bdev superblock. mtip32xx: mtip32xx: Disable TRIM support mtip32xx: fix a smatch warning bcache: Disable broken btree fuzz tester bcache: Fix a format string overflow bcache: Fix a minor memory leak on device teardown bcache: Documentation updates bcache: Use WARN_ONCE() instead of __WARN() bcache: Add missing #include <linux/prefetch.h> ...
2013-05-08aio: don't include aio.h in sched.hKent Overstreet1-0/+1
Faster kernel compiles by way of fewer unnecessary includes. [ fix fallout] [ fix build] Signed-off-by: Kent Overstreet <> Cc: Zach Brown <> Cc: Felipe Balbi <> Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <> Cc: Mark Fasheh <> Cc: Joel Becker <> Cc: Rusty Russell <> Cc: Jens Axboe <> Cc: Asai Thambi S P <> Cc: Selvan Mani <> Cc: Sam Bradshaw <> Cc: Jeff Moyer <> Cc: Al Viro <> Cc: Benjamin LaHaise <> Reviewed-by: "Theodore Ts'o" <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2013-05-01Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-4/+1
git:// Pull compat cleanup from Al Viro: "Mostly about syscall wrappers this time; there will be another pile with patches in the same general area from various people, but I'd rather push those after both that and vfs.git pile are in." * 'for-linus' of git:// syscalls.h: slightly reduce the jungles of macros get rid of union semop in sys_semctl(2) arguments make do_mremap() static sparc: no need to sign-extend in sync_file_range() wrapper ppc compat wrappers for add_key(2) and request_key(2) are pointless x86: trim sys_ia32.h x86: sys32_kill and sys32_mprotect are pointless get rid of compat_sys_semctl() and friends in case of ARCH_WANT_OLD_COMPAT_IPC merge compat sys_ipc instances consolidate compat lookup_dcookie() convert vmsplice to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE switch getrusage() to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE switch epoll_pwait to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE convert sendfile{,64} to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE switch signalfd{,4}() to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE make SYSCALL_DEFINE<n>-generated wrappers do asmlinkage_protect make HAVE_SYSCALL_WRAPPERS unconditional consolidate cond_syscall and SYSCALL_ALIAS declarations teach SYSCALL_DEFINE<n> how to deal with long long/unsigned long long get rid of duplicate logics in __SC_....[1-6] definitions
2013-04-30Merge branch 'sched-core-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
git:// Pull scheduler changes from Ingo Molnar: "The main changes in this development cycle were: - full dynticks preparatory work by Frederic Weisbecker - factor out the cpu time accounting code better, by Li Zefan - multi-CPU load balancer cleanups and improvements by Joonsoo Kim - various smaller fixes and cleanups" * 'sched-core-for-linus' of git:// (45 commits) sched: Fix init NOHZ_IDLE flag sched: Prevent to re-select dst-cpu in load_balance() sched: Rename load_balance_tmpmask to load_balance_mask sched: Move up affinity check to mitigate useless redoing overhead sched: Don't consider other cpus in our group in case of NEWLY_IDLE sched: Explicitly cpu_idle_type checking in rebalance_domains() sched: Change position of resched_cpu() in load_balance() sched: Fix wrong rq's runnable_avg update with rt tasks sched: Document task_struct::personality field sched/cpuacct/UML: Fix header file dependency bug on the UML build cgroup: Kill flag sched/cpuacct: No need to check subsys active state sched/cpuacct: Initialize cpuacct subsystem earlier sched/cpuacct: Initialize root cpuacct earlier sched/cpuacct: Allocate per_cpu cpuusage for root cpuacct statically sched/cpuacct: Clean up cpuacct.h sched/cpuacct: Remove redundant NULL checks in cpuacct_acount_field() sched/cpuacct: Remove redundant NULL checks in cpuacct_charge() sched/cpuacct: Add cpuacct_acount_field() sched/cpuacct: Add cpuacct_init() ...
2013-03-23bcache: A block layer cacheKent Overstreet1-0/+4
Does writethrough and writeback caching, handles unclean shutdown, and has a bunch of other nifty features motivated by real world usage. See the wiki at for more. Signed-off-by: Kent Overstreet <>
2013-03-13userns: Don't allow CLONE_NEWUSER | CLONE_FSEric W. Biederman1-1/+4
Don't allowing sharing the root directory with processes in a different user namespace. There doesn't seem to be any point, and to allow it would require the overhead of putting a user namespace reference in fs_struct (for permission checks) and incrementing that reference count on practically every call to fork. So just perform the inexpensive test of forbidding sharing fs_struct acrosss processes in different user namespaces. We already disallow other forms of threading when unsharing a user namespace so this should be no real burden in practice. This updates setns, clone, and unshare to disallow multiple user namespaces sharing an fs_struct. Cc: Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2013-03-07cputime: Dynamically scale cputime for full dynticks accountingFrederic Weisbecker1-1/+1
The full dynticks cputime accounting is able to account either using the tick or the context tracking subsystem. This way the housekeeping CPU can keep the low overhead tick based solution. This latter mode has a low jiffies resolution granularity and need to be scaled against CFS precise runtime accounting to improve its result. We are doing this for CONFIG_TICK_CPU_ACCOUNTING, now we also need to expand it to full dynticks accounting dynamic off-case as well. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <> Cc: Li Zhong <> Cc: Kevin Hilman <> Cc: Mats Liljegren <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Ingo Molnar <> Cc: Steven Rostedt <> Cc: Namhyung Kim <> Cc: Andrew Morton <> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <>
2013-03-04make SYSCALL_DEFINE<n>-generated wrappers do asmlinkage_protectAl Viro1-4/+1
... and switch i386 to HAVE_SYSCALL_WRAPPERS, killing open-coded uses of asmlinkage_protect() in a bunch of syscalls. Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2013-02-28fork: unshare: remove dead codeAlan Cox1-6/+1
If new_nsproxy is set we will always call switch_task_namespaces and then set new_nsproxy back to NULL so the reassignment and fall through check are redundant Signed-off-by: Alan Cox <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2013-02-27Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
git:// Pull vfs pile (part one) from Al Viro: "Assorted stuff - cleaning namei.c up a bit, fixing ->d_name/->d_parent locking violations, etc. The most visible changes here are death of FS_REVAL_DOT (replaced with "has ->d_weak_revalidate()") and a new helper getting from struct file to inode. Some bits of preparation to xattr method interface changes. Misc patches by various people sent this cycle *and* ocfs2 fixes from several cycles ago that should've been upstream right then. PS: the next vfs pile will be xattr stuff." * 'for-linus' of git:// (46 commits) saner proc_get_inode() calling conventions proc: avoid extra pde_put() in proc_fill_super() fs: change return values from -EACCES to -EPERM fs/exec.c: make bprm_mm_init() static ocfs2/dlm: use GFP_ATOMIC inside a spin_lock ocfs2: fix possible use-after-free with AIO ocfs2: Fix oops in ocfs2_fast_symlink_readpage() code path get_empty_filp()/alloc_file() leave both ->f_pos and ->f_version zero target: writev() on single-element vector is pointless export kernel_write(), convert open-coded instances fs: encode_fh: return FILEID_INVALID if invalid fid_type kill f_vfsmnt vfs: kill FS_REVAL_DOT by adding a d_weak_revalidate dentry op nfsd: handle vfs_getattr errors in acl protocol switch vfs_getattr() to struct path default SET_PERSONALITY() in linux/elf.h ceph: prepopulate inodes only when request is aborted d_hash_and_lookup(): export, switch open-coded instances 9p: switch v9fs_set_create_acl() to inode+fid, do it before d_instantiate() 9p: split dropping the acls from v9fs_set_create_acl() ...
2013-02-23new helper: file_inode(file)Al Viro1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2013-02-05Merge tag 'full-dynticks-cputime-for-mingo' of ↵Ingo Molnar1-0/+6
git:// into sched/core Pull full-dynticks (user-space execution is undisturbed and receives no timer IRQs) preparation changes that convert the cputime accounting code to be full-dynticks ready, from Frederic Weisbecker: "This implements the cputime accounting on full dynticks CPUs. Typical cputime stats infrastructure relies on the timer tick and its periodic polling on the CPU to account the amount of time spent by the CPUs and the tasks per high level domains such as userspace, kernelspace, guest, ... Now we are preparing to implement full dynticks capability on Linux for Real Time and HPC users who want full CPU isolation. This feature requires a cputime accounting that doesn't depend on the timer tick. To implement it, this new cputime infrastructure plugs into kernel/user/guest boundaries to take snapshots of cputime and flush these to the stats when needed. This performs pretty much like CONFIG_VIRT_CPU_ACCOUNTING except that context location and cputime snaphots are synchronized between write and read side such that the latter can safely retrieve the pending tickless cputime of a task and add it to its latest cputime snapshot to return the correct result to the user." Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <> Signed-off-by: Ingo Molnar <>
2013-01-27cputime: Safely read cputime of full dynticks CPUsFrederic Weisbecker1-0/+6
While remotely reading the cputime of a task running in a full dynticks CPU, the values stored in utime/stime fields of struct task_struct may be stale. Its values may be those of the last kernel <-> user transition time snapshot and we need to add the tickless time spent since this snapshot. To fix this, flush the cputime of the dynticks CPUs on kernel <-> user transition and record the time / context where we did this. Then on top of this snapshot and the current time, perform the fixup on the reader side from task_times() accessors. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <> Cc: Andrew Morton <> Cc: Ingo Molnar <> Cc: Li Zhong <> Cc: Namhyung Kim <> Cc: Paul E. McKenney <> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Steven Rostedt <> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <> [fixed kvm module related build errors] Signed-off-by: Sedat Dilek <>
2013-01-20Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-2/+4
git:// Pull misc syscall fixes from Al Viro: - compat syscall fixes (discussed back in December) - a couple of "make life easier for sigaltstack stuff by reducing inter-tree dependencies" - fix up compiler/asmlinkage calling convention disagreement of sys_clone() - misc * 'for-linus' of git:// sys_clone() needs asmlinkage_protect make sure that /linuxrc has std{in,out,err} x32: fix sigtimedwait x32: fix waitid() switch compat_sys_wait4() and compat_sys_waitid() to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE switch compat_sys_sigaltstack() to COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE CONFIG_GENERIC_SIGALTSTACK build breakage with asm-generic/syscalls.h Ensure that kernel_init_freeable() is not inlined into non __init code
2013-01-20sys_clone() needs asmlinkage_protectAl Viro1-2/+4
Cc: Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2012-12-25pidns: Outlaw thread creation after unshare(CLONE_NEWPID)Eric W. Biederman1-0/+8
The sequence: unshare(CLONE_NEWPID) clone(CLONE_THREAD|CLONE_SIGHAND|CLONE_VM) Creates a new process in the new pid namespace without setting pid_ns->child_reaper. After forking this results in a NULL pointer dereference. Avoid this and other nonsense scenarios that can show up after creating a new pid namespace with unshare by adding a new check in copy_prodcess. Pointed-out-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Acked-by: Oleg Nesterov <> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <>
2012-12-21Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-2/+0
git:// Pull signal handling cleanups from Al Viro: "sigaltstack infrastructure + conversion for x86, alpha and um, COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE infrastructure. Note that there are several conflicts between "unify SS_ONSTACK/SS_DISABLE definitions" and UAPI patches in mainline; resolution is trivial - just remove definitions of SS_ONSTACK and SS_DISABLED from arch/*/uapi/asm/signal.h; they are all identical and include/uapi/linux/signal.h contains the unified variant." Fixed up conflicts as per Al. * 'for-linus' of git:// alpha: switch to generic sigaltstack new helpers: __save_altstack/__compat_save_altstack, switch x86 and um to those generic compat_sys_sigaltstack() introduce generic sys_sigaltstack(), switch x86 and um to it new helper: compat_user_stack_pointer() new helper: restore_altstack() unify SS_ONSTACK/SS_DISABLE definitions new helper: current_user_stack_pointer() missing user_stack_pointer() instances Bury the conditionals from kernel_thread/kernel_execve series COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE: infrastructure
2012-12-19Bury the conditionals from kernel_thread/kernel_execve seriesAl Viro1-2/+0
All architectures have CONFIG_GENERIC_KERNEL_THREAD CONFIG_GENERIC_KERNEL_EXECVE __ARCH_WANT_SYS_EXECVE None of them have __ARCH_WANT_KERNEL_EXECVE and there are only two callers of kernel_execve() (which is a trivial wrapper for do_execve() now) left. Kill the conditionals and make both callers use do_execve(). Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2012-12-18fork: protect architectures where THREAD_SIZE >= PAGE_SIZE against fork bombsGlauber Costa1-2/+2
Because those architectures will draw their stacks directly from the page allocator, rather than the slab cache, we can directly pass __GFP_KMEMCG flag, and issue the corresponding free_pages. This code path is taken when the architecture doesn't define CONFIG_ARCH_THREAD_INFO_ALLOCATOR (only ia64 seems to), and has THREAD_SIZE >= PAGE_SIZE. Luckily, most - if not all - of the remaining architectures fall in this category. This will guarantee that every stack page is accounted to the memcg the process currently lives on, and will have the allocations to fail if they go over limit. For the time being, I am defining a new variant of THREADINFO_GFP, not to mess with the other path. Once the slab is also tracked by memcg, we can get rid of that flag. Tested to successfully protect against :(){ :|:& };: Signed-off-by: Glauber Costa <> Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <> Acked-by: Kamezawa Hiroyuki <> Reviewed-by: Michal Hocko <> Cc: Christoph Lameter <> Cc: David Rientjes <> Cc: Greg Thelen <> Cc: Johannes Weiner <> Cc: JoonSoo Kim <> Cc: Mel Gorman <> Cc: Pekka Enberg <> Cc: Rik van Riel <> Cc: Suleiman Souhlal <> Cc: Tejun Heo <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
2012-12-17Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-21/+48
git:// Pull user namespace changes from Eric Biederman: "While small this set of changes is very significant with respect to containers in general and user namespaces in particular. The user space interface is now complete. This set of changes adds support for unprivileged users to create user namespaces and as a user namespace root to create other namespaces. The tyranny of supporting suid root preventing unprivileged users from using cool new kernel features is broken. This set of changes completes the work on setns, adding support for the pid, user, mount namespaces. This set of changes includes a bunch of basic pid namespace cleanups/simplifications. Of particular significance is the rework of the pid namespace cleanup so it no longer requires sending out tendrils into all kinds of unexpected cleanup paths for operation. At least one case of broken error handling is fixed by this cleanup. The files under /proc/<pid>/ns/ have been converted from regular files to magic symlinks which prevents incorrect caching by the VFS, ensuring the files always refer to the namespace the process is currently using and ensuring that the ptrace_mayaccess permission checks are always applied. The files under /proc/<pid>/ns/ have been given stable inode numbers so it is now possible to see if different processes share the same namespaces. Through the David Miller's net tree are changes to relax many of the permission checks in the networking stack to allowing the user namespace root to usefully use the networking stack. Similar changes for the mount namespace and the pid namespace are coming through my tree. Two small changes to add user namespace support were commited here adn in David Miller's -net tree so that I could complete the work on the /proc/<pid>/ns/ files in this tree. Work remains to make it safe to build user namespaces and 9p, afs, ceph, cifs, coda, gfs2, ncpfs, nfs, nfsd, ocfs2, and xfs so the Kconfig guard remains in place preventing that user namespaces from being built when any of those filesystems are enabled. Future design work remains to allow root users outside of the initial user namespace to mount more than just /proc and /sys." * 'for-linus' of git:// (38 commits) proc: Usable inode numbers for the namespace file descriptors. proc: Fix the namespace inode permission checks. proc: Generalize proc inode allocation userns: Allow unprivilged mounts of proc and sysfs userns: For /proc/self/{uid,gid}_map derive the lower userns from the struct file procfs: Print task uids and gids in the userns that opened the proc file userns: Implement unshare of the user namespace userns: Implent proc namespace operations userns: Kill task_user_ns userns: Make create_new_namespaces take a user_ns parameter userns: Allow unprivileged use of setns. userns: Allow unprivileged users to create new namespaces userns: Allow setting a userns mapping to your current uid. userns: Allow chown and setgid preservation userns: Allow unprivileged users to create user namespaces. userns: Ignore suid and sgid on binaries if the uid or gid can not be mapped userns: fix return value on mntns_install() failure vfs: Allow unprivileged manipulation of the mount namespace. vfs: Only support slave subtrees across different user namespaces vfs: Add a user namespace reference from struct mnt_namespace ...
2012-12-16Merge tag 'balancenuma-v11' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-0/+3
git:// Pull Automatic NUMA Balancing bare-bones from Mel Gorman: "There are three implementations for NUMA balancing, this tree (balancenuma), numacore which has been developed in tip/master and autonuma which is in aa.git. In almost all respects balancenuma is the dumbest of the three because its main impact is on the VM side with no attempt to be smart about scheduling. In the interest of getting the ball rolling, it would be desirable to see this much merged for 3.8 with the view to building scheduler smarts on top and adapting the VM where required for 3.9. The most recent set of comparisons available from different people are mel: mingo: tglx: srikar: The results are a mixed bag. In my own tests, balancenuma does reasonably well. It's dumb as rocks and does not regress against mainline. On the other hand, Ingo's tests shows that balancenuma is incapable of converging for this workloads driven by perf which is bad but is potentially explained by the lack of scheduler smarts. Thomas' results show balancenuma improves on mainline but falls far short of numacore or autonuma. Srikar's results indicate we all suffer on a large machine with imbalanced node sizes. My own testing showed that recent numacore results have improved dramatically, particularly in the last week but not universally. We've butted heads heavily on system CPU usage and high levels of migration even when it shows that overall performance is better. There are also cases where it regresses. Of interest is that for specjbb in some configurations it will regress for lower numbers of warehouses and show gains for higher numbers which is not reported by the tool by default and sometimes missed in treports. Recently I reported for numacore that the JVM was crashing with NullPointerExceptions but currently it's unclear what the source of this problem is. Initially I thought it was in how numacore batch handles PTEs but I'm no longer think this is the case. It's possible numacore is just able to trigger it due to higher rates of migration. These reports were quite late in the cycle so I/we would like to start with this tree as it contains much of the code we can agree on and has not changed significantly over the last 2-3 weeks." * tag 'balancenuma-v11' of git:// (50 commits) mm/rmap, migration: Make rmap_walk_anon() and try_to_unmap_anon() more scalable mm/rmap: Convert the struct anon_vma::mutex to an rwsem mm: migrate: Account a transhuge page properly when rate limiting mm: numa: Account for failed allocations and isolations as migration failures mm: numa: Add THP migration for the NUMA working set scanning fault case build fix mm: numa: Add THP migration for the NUMA working set scanning fault case. mm: sched: numa: Delay PTE scanning until a task is scheduled on a new node mm: sched: numa: Control enabling and disabling of NUMA balancing if !SCHED_DEBUG mm: sched: numa: Control enabling and disabling of NUMA balancing mm: sched: Adapt the scanning rate if a NUMA hinting fault does not migrate mm: numa: Use a two-stage filter to restrict pages being migrated for unlikely task<->node relationships mm: numa: migrate: Set last_nid on newly allocated page mm: numa: split_huge_page: Transfer last_nid on tail page mm: numa: Introduce last_nid to the page frame sched: numa: Slowly increase the scanning period as NUMA faults are handled mm: numa: Rate limit setting of pte_numa if node is saturated mm: numa: Rate limit the amount of memory that is migrated between nodes mm: numa: Structures for Migrate On Fault per NUMA migration rate limiting mm: numa: Migrate pages handled during a pmd_numa hinting fault mm: numa: Migrate on reference policy ...
2012-12-12Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-16/+48
git:// Pull big execve/kernel_thread/fork unification series from Al Viro: "All architectures are converted to new model. Quite a bit of that stuff is actually shared with architecture trees; in such cases it's literally shared branch pulled by both, not a cherry-pick. A lot of ugliness and black magic is gone (-3KLoC total in this one): - kernel_thread()/kernel_execve()/sys_execve() redesign. We don't do syscalls from kernel anymore for either kernel_thread() or kernel_execve(): kernel_thread() is essentially clone(2) with callback run before we return to userland, the callbacks either never return or do successful do_execve() before returning. kernel_execve() is a wrapper for do_execve() - it doesn't need to do transition to user mode anymore. As a result kernel_thread() and kernel_execve() are arch-independent now - they live in kernel/fork.c and fs/exec.c resp. sys_execve() is also in fs/exec.c and it's completely architecture-independent. - daemonize() is gone, along with its parts in fs/*.c - struct pt_regs * is no longer passed to do_fork/copy_process/ copy_thread/do_execve/search_binary_handler/->load_binary/do_coredump. - sys_fork()/sys_vfork()/sys_clone() unified; some architectures still need wrappers (ones with callee-saved registers not saved in pt_regs on syscall entry), but the main part of those suckers is in kernel/fork.c now." * 'for-linus' of git:// (113 commits) do_coredump(): get rid of pt_regs argument print_fatal_signal(): get rid of pt_regs argument ptrace_signal(): get rid of unused arguments get rid of ptrace_signal_deliver() arguments new helper: signal_pt_regs() unify default ptrace_signal_deliver flagday: kill pt_regs argument of do_fork() death to idle_regs() don't pass regs to copy_process() flagday: don't pass regs to copy_thread() bfin: switch to generic vfork, get rid of pointless wrappers xtensa: switch to generic clone() openrisc: switch to use of generic fork and clone unicore32: switch to generic clone(2) score: switch to generic fork/vfork/clone c6x: sanitize copy_thread(), get rid of clone(2) wrapper, switch to generic clone() take sys_fork/sys_vfork/sys_clone prototypes to linux/syscalls.h mn10300: switch to generic fork/vfork/clone h8300: switch to generic fork/vfork/clone tile: switch to generic clone() ... Conflicts: arch/microblaze/include/asm/Kbuild
2012-12-12Merge branch 'for-3.8' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-8/+1
git:// Pull cgroup changes from Tejun Heo: "A lot of activities on cgroup side. The big changes are focused on making cgroup hierarchy handling saner. - cgroup_rmdir() had peculiar semantics - it allowed cgroup destruction to be vetoed by individual controllers and tried to drain refcnt synchronously. The vetoing never worked properly and caused good deal of contortions in cgroup. memcg was the last reamining user. Michal Hocko removed the usage and cgroup_rmdir() path has been simplified significantly. This was done in a separate branch so that the memcg people can base further memcg changes on top. - The above allowed cleaning up cgroup lifecycle management and implementation of generic cgroup iterators which are used to improve hierarchy support. - cgroup_freezer updated to allow migration in and out of a frozen cgroup and handle hierarchy. If a cgroup is frozen, all descendant cgroups are frozen. - netcls_cgroup and netprio_cgroup updated to handle hierarchy properly. - Various fixes and cleanups. - Two merge commits. One to pull in memcg and rmdir cleanups (needed to build iterators). The other pulled in cgroup/for-3.7-fixes for device_cgroup fixes so that further device_cgroup patches can be stacked on top." Fixed up a trivial conflict in mm/memcontrol.c as per Tejun (due to commit bea8c150a7 ("memcg: fix hotplugged memory zone oops") in master touching code close to commit 2ef37d3fe4 ("memcg: Simplify mem_cgroup_force_empty_list error handling") in for-3.8) * 'for-3.8' of git:// (65 commits) cgroup: update Documentation/cgroups/00-INDEX cgroup_rm_file: don't delete the uncreated files cgroup: remove subsystem files when remounting cgroup cgroup: use cgroup_addrm_files() in cgroup_clear_directory() cgroup: warn about broken hierarchies only after css_online cgroup: list_del_init() on removed events cgroup: fix lockdep warning for event_control cgroup: move list add after list head initilization netprio_cgroup: allow nesting and inherit config on cgroup creation netprio_cgroup: implement netprio[_set]_prio() helpers netprio_cgroup: use cgroup->id instead of cgroup_netprio_state->prioidx netprio_cgroup: reimplement priomap expansion netprio_cgroup: shorten variable names in extend_netdev_table() netprio_cgroup: simplify write_priomap() netcls_cgroup: move config inheritance to ->css_online() and remove .broken_hierarchy marking cgroup: remove obsolete guarantee from cgroup_task_migrate. cgroup: add cgroup->id cgroup, cpuset: remove cgroup_subsys->post_clone() cgroup: s/CGRP_CLONE_CHILDREN/CGRP_CPUSET_CLONE_CHILDREN/ cgroup: rename ->create/post_create/pre_destroy/destroy() to ->css_alloc/online/offline/free() ...
2012-12-12Merge branch 'sched-core-for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+1
git:// Pull scheduler updates from Ingo Molnar: "The biggest change affects group scheduling: we now track the runnable average on a per-task entity basis, allowing a smoother, exponential decay average based load/weight estimation instead of the previous binary on-the-runqueue/off-the-runqueue load weight method. This will inevitably disturb workloads that were in some sort of borderline balancing state or unstable equilibrium, so an eye has to be kept on regressions. For that reason the new load average is only limited to group scheduling (shares distribution) at the moment (which was also hurting the most from the prior, crude weight calculation and whose scheduling quality wins most from this change) - but we plan to extend this to regular SMP balancing as well in the future, which will simplify and speed up things a bit. Other changes involve ongoing preparatory work to extend NOHZ to the scheduler as well, eventually allowing completely irq-free user-space execution." * 'sched-core-for-linus' of git:// (33 commits) Revert "sched/autogroup: Fix crash on reboot when autogroup is disabled" cputime: Comment cputime's adjusting code cputime: Consolidate cputime adjustment code cputime: Rename thread_group_times to thread_group_cputime_adjusted cputime: Move thread_group_cputime() to sched code vtime: Warn if irqs aren't disabled on system time accounting APIs vtime: No need to disable irqs on vtime_account() vtime: Consolidate a bit the ctx switch code vtime: Explicitly account pending user time on process tick vtime: Remove the underscore prefix invasion sched/autogroup: Fix crash on reboot when autogroup is disabled cputime: Separate irqtime accounting from generic vtime cputime: Specialize irq vtime hooks kvm: Directly account vtime to system on guest switch vtime: Make vtime_account_system() irqsafe vtime: Gather vtime declarations to their own header file sched: Describe CFS load-balancer sched: Introduce temporary FAIR_GROUP_SCHED dependency for load-tracking sched: Make __update_entity_runnable_avg() fast sched: Update_cfs_shares at period edge ...
2012-12-11mm: sched: numa: Delay PTE scanning until a task is scheduled on a new nodeMel Gorman1-0/+3
Due to the fact that migrations are driven by the CPU a task is running on there is no point tracking NUMA faults until one task runs on a new node. This patch tracks the first node used by an address space. Until it changes, PTE scanning is disabled and no NUMA hinting faults are trapped. This should help workloads that are short-lived, do not care about NUMA placement or have bound themselves to a single node. This takes advantage of the logic in "mm: sched: numa: Implement slow start for working set sampling" to delay when the checks are made. This will take advantage of processes that set their CPU and node bindings early in their lifetime. It will also potentially allow any initial load balancing to take place. Signed-off-by: Mel Gorman <>
2012-11-29flagday: kill pt_regs argument of do_fork()Al Viro1-8/+5
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2012-11-29death to idle_regs()Al Viro1-6/+0
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2012-11-29don't pass regs to copy_process()Al Viro1-4/+2
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2012-11-29flagday: don't pass regs to copy_thread()Al Viro1-1/+1
Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2012-11-29generic sys_fork / sys_vfork / sys_cloneAl Viro1-0/+43
... and get rid of idiotic struct pt_regs * in asm-generic/syscalls.h prototypes of the same, while we are at it. Eventually we want those in linux/syscalls.h, of course, but that'll have to wait a bit. Note that there are *three* variants of sys_clone() order of arguments. Braindamage galore... Signed-off-by: Al Viro <>
2012-11-28cputime: Consolidate cputime adjustment codeFrederic Weisbecker1-1/+1
task_cputime_adjusted() and thread_group_cputime_adjusted() essentially share the same code. They just don't use the same source: * The first function uses the cputime in the task struct and the previous adjusted snapshot that ensures monotonicity. * The second adds the cputime of all tasks in the group and the previous adjusted snapshot of the whole group from the signal structure. Just consolidate the common code that does the adjustment. These functions just need to fetch the values from the appropriate source. Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <> Cc: Ingo Molnar <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Thomas Gleixner <> Cc: Steven Rostedt <> Cc: Paul Gortmaker <>
2012-11-20userns: Implement unshare of the user namespaceEric W. Biederman1-3/+22
- Add CLONE_THREAD to the unshare flags if CLONE_NEWUSER is selected As changing user namespaces is only valid if all there is only a single thread. - Restore the code to add CLONE_VM if CLONE_THREAD is selected and the code to addCLONE_SIGHAND if CLONE_VM is selected. Making the constraints in the code clear. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <>
2012-11-19userns: Allow unprivileged users to create user namespaces.Eric W. Biederman1-8/+0
Now that we have been through every permission check in the kernel having uid == 0 and gid == 0 in your local user namespace no longer adds any special privileges. Even having a full set of caps in your local user namespace is safe because capabilies are relative to your local user namespace, and do not confer unexpected privileges. Over the long term this should allow much more of the kernels functionality to be safely used by non-root users. Functionality like unsharing the mount namespace that is only unsafe because it can fool applications whose privileges are raised when they are executed. Since those applications have no privileges in a user namespaces it becomes safe to spoof and confuse those applications all you want. Those capabilities will still need to be enabled carefully because we may still need things like rlimits on the number of unprivileged mounts but that is to avoid DOS attacks not to avoid fooling root owned processes. Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <> Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
2012-11-19pidns: Support unsharing the pid namespace.Eric W. Biederman1-7/+25
Unsharing of the pid namespace unlike unsharing of other namespaces does not take affect immediately. Instead it affects the children created with fork and clone. The first of these children becomes the init process of the new pid namespace, the rest become oddball children of pid 0. From the point of view of the new pid namespace the process that created it is pid 0, as it's pid does not map. A couple of different semantics were considered but this one was settled on because it is easy to implement and it is usable from pam modules. The core reasons for the existence of unshare. I took a survey of the callers of pam modules and the following appears to be a representative sample of their logic. { setup stuff include pam child = fork(); if (!child) { setuid() exec /bin/bash } waitpid(child); pam and other cleanup } As you can see there is a fork to create the unprivileged user space process. Which means that the unprivileged user space process will appear as pid 1 in the new pid namespace. Further most login processes do not cope with extraneous children which means shifting the duty of reaping extraneous child process to the creator of those extraneous children makes the system more comprehensible. The practical reason for this set of pid namespace semantics is that it is simple to implement and verify they work correctly. Whereas an implementation that requres changing the struct pid on a process comes with a lot more races and pain. Not the least of which is that glibc caches getpid(). These semantics are implemented by having two notions of the pid namespace of a proces. There is task_active_pid_ns which is the pid namspace the process was created with and the pid namespace that all pids are presented to that process in. The task_active_pid_ns is stored in the struct pid of the task. Then there is the pid namespace that will be used for children that pid namespace is stored in task->nsproxy->pid_ns. Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
2012-11-19pidns: Consolidate initialzation of special init task stateEric W. Biederman1-3/+3
Instead of setting child_reaper and SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE one way for the system init process, and another way for pid namespace init processes test pid->nr == 1 and use the same code for both. For the global init this results in SIGNAL_UNKILLABLE being set much earlier in the initialization process. This is a small cleanup and it paves the way for allowing unshare and enter of the pid namespace as that path like our global init also will not set CLONE_NEWPID. Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
2012-11-19pidns: Make the pidns proc mount/umount logic obvious.Eric W. Biederman1-2/+0
Track the number of pids in the proc hash table. When the number of pids goes to 0 schedule work to unmount the kernel mount of proc. Move the mount of proc into alloc_pid when we allocate the pid for init. Remove the surprising calls of pid_ns_release proc in fork and proc_flush_task. Those code paths really shouldn't know about proc namespace implementation details and people have demonstrated several times that finding and understanding those code paths is difficult and non-obvious. Because of the call path detach pid is alwasy called with the rtnl_lock held free_pid is not allowed to sleep, so the work to unmounting proc is moved to a work queue. This has the side benefit of not blocking the entire world waiting for the unnecessary rcu_barrier in deactivate_locked_super. In the process of making the code clear and obvious this fixes a bug reported by Gao feng <> where we would leak a mount of proc during clone(CLONE_NEWPID|CLONE_NEWNET) if copy_pid_ns succeeded and copy_net_ns failed. Acked-by: "Serge E. Hallyn" <> Signed-off-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <>
2012-11-19pidns: Use task_active_pid_ns where appropriateEric W. Biederman1-1/+1
The expressions tsk->nsproxy->pid_ns and task_active_pid_ns aka ns_of_pid(task_pid(tsk)) should have the same number of cache line misses with the practical difference that ns_of_pid(task_pid(tsk)) is released later in a processes life. Furthermore by using task_active_pid_ns it becomes trivial to write an unshare implementation for the the pid namespace. So I have used task_active_pid_ns everywhere I can. In fork since the pid has not yet been attached to the process I use ns_of_pid, to achieve the same effect. Signed-off-by: Eric W. Biederman <>
2012-11-16uprobes: Use percpu_rw_semaphore to fix register/unregister vs dup_mmap() raceOleg Nesterov1-0/+2
This was always racy, but 268720903f87e0b84b161626c4447b81671b5d18 "uprobes: Rework register_for_each_vma() to make it O(n)" should be blamed anyway, it made everything worse and I didn't notice. register/unregister call build_map_info() and then do install/remove breakpoint for every mm which mmaps inode/offset. This can obviously race with fork()->dup_mmap() in between and we can miss the child. uprobe_register() could be easily fixed but unregister is much worse, the new mm inherits "int3" from parent and there is no way to detect this if uprobe goes away. So this patch simply adds percpu_down_read/up_read around dup_mmap(), and percpu_down_write/up_write into register_for_each_vma(). This adds 2 new hooks into dup_mmap() but we can kill uprobe_dup_mmap() and fold it into uprobe_end_dup_mmap(). Reported-by: Srikar Dronamraju <> Acked-by: Srikar Dronamraju <> Signed-off-by: Oleg Nesterov <>
2012-10-16cgroup: cgroup_subsys->fork() should be called after the task is added to ↵Tejun Heo1-8/+1
css_set cgroup core has a bug which violates a basic rule about event notifications - when a new entity needs to be added, you add that to the notification list first and then make the new entity conform to the current state. If done in the reverse order, an event happening inbetween will be lost. cgroup_subsys->fork() is invoked way before the new task is added to the css_set. Currently, cgroup_freezer is the only user of ->fork() and uses it to make new tasks conform to the current state of the freezer. If FROZEN state is requested while fork is in progress between cgroup_fork_callbacks() and cgroup_post_fork(), the child could escape freezing - the cgroup isn't frozen when ->fork() is called and the freezer couldn't see the new task on the css_set. This patch moves cgroup_subsys->fork() invocation to cgroup_post_fork() after the new task is added to the css_set. cgroup_fork_callbacks() is removed. Because now a task may be migrated during cgroup_subsys->fork(), freezer_fork() is updated so that it adheres to the usual RCU locking and the rather pointless comment on why locking can be different there is removed (if it doesn't make anything simpler, why even bother?). Signed-off-by: Tejun Heo <> Cc: Oleg Nesterov <> Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <> Cc:
2012-10-10Merge branch 'for-linus' of ↵Linus Torvalds1-1/+12
git:// Pull generic execve() changes from Al Viro: "This introduces the generic kernel_thread() and kernel_execve() functions, and switches x86, arm, alpha, um and s390 over to them." * 'for-linus' of git:// (26 commits) s390: convert to generic kernel_execve() s390: switch to generic kernel_thread() s390: fold kernel_thread_helper() into ret_from_fork() s390: fold execve_tail() into start_thread(), convert to generic sys_execve() um: switch to generic kernel_thread() x86, um/x86: switch to generic sys_execve and kernel_execve x86: split ret_from_fork alpha: introduce ret_from_kernel_execve(), switch to generic kernel_execve() alpha: switch to generic kernel_thread() alpha: switch to generic sys_execve() arm: get rid of execve wrapper, switch to generic execve() implementation arm: optimized current_pt_regs() arm: introduce ret_from_kernel_execve(), switch to generic kernel_execve() arm: split ret_from_fork, simplify kernel_thread() [based on patch by rmk] generic sys_execve() generic kernel_execve() new helper: current_pt_regs() preparation for generic kernel_thread() um: kill thread->forking um: let signal_delivered() do SIGTRAP on singlestepping into handler ...
2012-10-09mm: interval tree updatesMichel Lespinasse1-1/+6
Update the generic interval tree code that was introduced in "mm: replace vma prio_tree with an interval tree". Changes: - fixed 'endpoing' typo noticed by Andrew Morton - replaced include/linux/interval_tree_tmpl.h, which was used as a template (including it automatically defined the interval tree functions) with include/linux/interval_tree_generic.h, which only defines a preprocessor macro INTERVAL_TREE_DEFINE(), which itself defines the interval tree functions when invoked. Now that is a very long macro which is unfortunate, but it does make the usage sites (lib/interval_tree.c and mm/interval_tree.c) a bit nicer than previously. - make use of RB_DECLARE_CALLBACKS() in the INTERVAL_TREE_DEFINE() macro, instead of duplicating that code in the interval tree template. - replaced vma_interval_tree_add(), which was actually handling the nonlinear and interval tree cases, with vma_interval_tree_insert_after() which handles only the interval tree case and has an API that is more consistent with the other interval tree handling functions. The nonlinear case is now handled explicitly in kernel/fork.c dup_mmap(). Signed-off-by: Michel Lespinasse <> Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <> Cc: Rik van Riel <> Cc: Peter Zijlstra <> Cc: Daniel Santos <> Cc: Hugh Dickins <> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>