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-rw-r--r--samples/kprobes/kretprobe_example.c106
1 files changed, 106 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/samples/kprobes/kretprobe_example.c b/samples/kprobes/kretprobe_example.c
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+++ b/samples/kprobes/kretprobe_example.c
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+/*
+ * kretprobe_example.c
+ *
+ * Here's a sample kernel module showing the use of return probes to
+ * report the return value and total time taken for probed function
+ * to run.
+ *
+ * usage: insmod kretprobe_example.ko func=<func_name>
+ *
+ * If no func_name is specified, do_fork is instrumented
+ *
+ * For more information on theory of operation of kretprobes, see
+ * Documentation/kprobes.txt
+ *
+ * Build and insert the kernel module as done in the kprobe example.
+ * You will see the trace data in /var/log/messages and on the console
+ * whenever the probed function returns. (Some messages may be suppressed
+ * if syslogd is configured to eliminate duplicate messages.)
+ */
+
+#include <linux/kernel.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/kprobes.h>
+#include <linux/ktime.h>
+#include <linux/limits.h>
+
+static char func_name[NAME_MAX] = "do_fork";
+module_param_string(func, func_name, NAME_MAX, S_IRUGO);
+MODULE_PARM_DESC(func, "Function to kretprobe; this module will report the"
+ " function's execution time");
+
+/* per-instance private data */
+struct my_data {
+ ktime_t entry_stamp;
+};
+
+/* Here we use the entry_hanlder to timestamp function entry */
+static int entry_handler(struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ struct my_data *data;
+
+ if (!current->mm)
+ return 1; /* Skip kernel threads */
+
+ data = (struct my_data *)ri->data;
+ data->entry_stamp = ktime_get();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+/*
+ * Return-probe handler: Log the return value and duration. Duration may turn
+ * out to be zero consistently, depending upon the granularity of time
+ * accounting on the platform.
+ */
+static int ret_handler(struct kretprobe_instance *ri, struct pt_regs *regs)
+{
+ int retval = regs_return_value(regs);
+ struct my_data *data = (struct my_data *)ri->data;
+ s64 delta;
+ ktime_t now;
+
+ now = ktime_get();
+ delta = ktime_to_ns(ktime_sub(now, data->entry_stamp));
+ printk(KERN_INFO "%s returned %d and took %lld ns to execute\n",
+ func_name, retval, (long long)delta);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static struct kretprobe my_kretprobe = {
+ .handler = ret_handler,
+ .entry_handler = entry_handler,
+ .data_size = sizeof(struct my_data),
+ /* Probe up to 20 instances concurrently. */
+ .maxactive = 20,
+};
+
+static int __init kretprobe_init(void)
+{
+ int ret;
+
+ my_kretprobe.kp.symbol_name = func_name;
+ ret = register_kretprobe(&my_kretprobe);
+ if (ret < 0) {
+ printk(KERN_INFO "register_kretprobe failed, returned %d\n",
+ ret);
+ return -1;
+ }
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Planted return probe at %s: %p\n",
+ my_kretprobe.kp.symbol_name, my_kretprobe.kp.addr);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static void __exit kretprobe_exit(void)
+{
+ unregister_kretprobe(&my_kretprobe);
+ printk(KERN_INFO "kretprobe at %p unregistered\n",
+ my_kretprobe.kp.addr);
+
+ /* nmissed > 0 suggests that maxactive was set too low. */
+ printk(KERN_INFO "Missed probing %d instances of %s\n",
+ my_kretprobe.nmissed, my_kretprobe.kp.symbol_name);
+}
+
+module_init(kretprobe_init)
+module_exit(kretprobe_exit)
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");