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authorLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 22:20:36 (GMT)
committerLinus Torvalds <torvalds@ppc970.osdl.org>2005-04-16 22:20:36 (GMT)
commit1da177e4c3f41524e886b7f1b8a0c1fc7321cac2 (patch)
tree0bba044c4ce775e45a88a51686b5d9f90697ea9d /usr
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Linux-2.6.12-rc2v2.6.12-rc2
Initial git repository build. I'm not bothering with the full history, even though we have it. We can create a separate "historical" git archive of that later if we want to, and in the meantime it's about 3.2GB when imported into git - space that would just make the early git days unnecessarily complicated, when we don't have a lot of good infrastructure for it. Let it rip!
Diffstat (limited to 'usr')
-rw-r--r--usr/Makefile65
-rw-r--r--usr/gen_init_cpio.c512
-rw-r--r--usr/initramfs_data.S30
3 files changed, 607 insertions, 0 deletions
diff --git a/usr/Makefile b/usr/Makefile
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..248d555
--- /dev/null
+++ b/usr/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,65 @@
+
+obj-y := initramfs_data.o
+
+hostprogs-y := gen_init_cpio
+
+clean-files := initramfs_data.cpio.gz initramfs_list
+
+# initramfs_data.o contains the initramfs_data.cpio.gz image.
+# The image is included using .incbin, a dependency which is not
+# tracked automatically.
+$(obj)/initramfs_data.o: $(obj)/initramfs_data.cpio.gz FORCE
+
+ifdef CONFIG_INITRAMFS_ROOT_UID
+gen_initramfs_args += -u $(CONFIG_INITRAMFS_ROOT_UID)
+endif
+
+ifdef CONFIG_INITRAMFS_ROOT_GID
+gen_initramfs_args += -g $(CONFIG_INITRAMFS_ROOT_GID)
+endif
+
+# The $(shell echo $(CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE)) is to remove the
+# gratuitous begin and end quotes from the Kconfig string type.
+# Internal, escaped quotes in the Kconfig string will loose the
+# escape and become active quotes.
+quotefixed_initramfs_source := $(shell echo $(CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE))
+
+filechk_initramfs_list = $(CONFIG_SHELL) \
+ $(srctree)/scripts/gen_initramfs_list.sh $(gen_initramfs_args) $(quotefixed_initramfs_source)
+
+$(obj)/initramfs_list: FORCE
+ $(call filechk,initramfs_list)
+
+quiet_cmd_cpio = CPIO $@
+ cmd_cpio = ./$< $(obj)/initramfs_list > $@
+
+
+# Check if the INITRAMFS_SOURCE is a cpio archive
+ifneq (,$(findstring .cpio,$(quotefixed_initramfs_source)))
+
+# INITRAMFS_SOURCE has a cpio archive - verify that it's a single file
+ifneq (1,$(words $(quotefixed_initramfs_source)))
+$(error Only a single file may be specified in CONFIG_INITRAMFS_SOURCE (="$(quotefixed_initramfs_source)") when a cpio archive is directly specified.)
+endif
+# Now use the cpio archive directly
+initramfs_data_cpio = $(quotefixed_initramfs_source)
+targets += $(quotefixed_initramfs_source)
+
+else
+
+# INITRAMFS_SOURCE is not a cpio archive - create one
+$(obj)/initramfs_data.cpio: $(obj)/gen_init_cpio \
+ $(initramfs-y) $(obj)/initramfs_list FORCE
+ $(call if_changed,cpio)
+
+targets += initramfs_data.cpio
+initramfs_data_cpio = $(obj)/initramfs_data.cpio
+
+endif
+
+
+$(obj)/initramfs_data.cpio.gz: $(initramfs_data_cpio) FORCE
+ $(call if_changed,gzip)
+
+targets += initramfs_data.cpio.gz
+
diff --git a/usr/gen_init_cpio.c b/usr/gen_init_cpio.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..33dbcbf
--- /dev/null
+++ b/usr/gen_init_cpio.c
@@ -0,0 +1,512 @@
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <sys/types.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+#include <time.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <ctype.h>
+#include <limits.h>
+
+/*
+ * Original work by Jeff Garzik
+ *
+ * External file lists, symlink, pipe and fifo support by Thayne Harbaugh
+ */
+
+#define xstr(s) #s
+#define str(s) xstr(s)
+
+static unsigned int offset;
+static unsigned int ino = 721;
+
+struct file_handler {
+ const char *type;
+ int (*handler)(const char *line);
+};
+
+static void push_string(const char *name)
+{
+ unsigned int name_len = strlen(name) + 1;
+
+ fputs(name, stdout);
+ putchar(0);
+ offset += name_len;
+}
+
+static void push_pad (void)
+{
+ while (offset & 3) {
+ putchar(0);
+ offset++;
+ }
+}
+
+static void push_rest(const char *name)
+{
+ unsigned int name_len = strlen(name) + 1;
+ unsigned int tmp_ofs;
+
+ fputs(name, stdout);
+ putchar(0);
+ offset += name_len;
+
+ tmp_ofs = name_len + 110;
+ while (tmp_ofs & 3) {
+ putchar(0);
+ offset++;
+ tmp_ofs++;
+ }
+}
+
+static void push_hdr(const char *s)
+{
+ fputs(s, stdout);
+ offset += 110;
+}
+
+static void cpio_trailer(void)
+{
+ char s[256];
+ const char name[] = "TRAILER!!!";
+
+ sprintf(s, "%s%08X%08X%08lX%08lX%08X%08lX"
+ "%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X",
+ "070701", /* magic */
+ 0, /* ino */
+ 0, /* mode */
+ (long) 0, /* uid */
+ (long) 0, /* gid */
+ 1, /* nlink */
+ (long) 0, /* mtime */
+ 0, /* filesize */
+ 0, /* major */
+ 0, /* minor */
+ 0, /* rmajor */
+ 0, /* rminor */
+ (unsigned)strlen(name)+1, /* namesize */
+ 0); /* chksum */
+ push_hdr(s);
+ push_rest(name);
+
+ while (offset % 512) {
+ putchar(0);
+ offset++;
+ }
+}
+
+static int cpio_mkslink(const char *name, const char *target,
+ unsigned int mode, uid_t uid, gid_t gid)
+{
+ char s[256];
+ time_t mtime = time(NULL);
+
+ sprintf(s,"%s%08X%08X%08lX%08lX%08X%08lX"
+ "%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X",
+ "070701", /* magic */
+ ino++, /* ino */
+ S_IFLNK | mode, /* mode */
+ (long) uid, /* uid */
+ (long) gid, /* gid */
+ 1, /* nlink */
+ (long) mtime, /* mtime */
+ (unsigned)strlen(target)+1, /* filesize */
+ 3, /* major */
+ 1, /* minor */
+ 0, /* rmajor */
+ 0, /* rminor */
+ (unsigned)strlen(name) + 1,/* namesize */
+ 0); /* chksum */
+ push_hdr(s);
+ push_string(name);
+ push_pad();
+ push_string(target);
+ push_pad();
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int cpio_mkslink_line(const char *line)
+{
+ char name[PATH_MAX + 1];
+ char target[PATH_MAX + 1];
+ unsigned int mode;
+ int uid;
+ int gid;
+ int rc = -1;
+
+ if (5 != sscanf(line, "%" str(PATH_MAX) "s %" str(PATH_MAX) "s %o %d %d", name, target, &mode, &uid, &gid)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Unrecognized dir format '%s'", line);
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ rc = cpio_mkslink(name, target, mode, uid, gid);
+ fail:
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int cpio_mkgeneric(const char *name, unsigned int mode,
+ uid_t uid, gid_t gid)
+{
+ char s[256];
+ time_t mtime = time(NULL);
+
+ sprintf(s,"%s%08X%08X%08lX%08lX%08X%08lX"
+ "%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X",
+ "070701", /* magic */
+ ino++, /* ino */
+ mode, /* mode */
+ (long) uid, /* uid */
+ (long) gid, /* gid */
+ 2, /* nlink */
+ (long) mtime, /* mtime */
+ 0, /* filesize */
+ 3, /* major */
+ 1, /* minor */
+ 0, /* rmajor */
+ 0, /* rminor */
+ (unsigned)strlen(name) + 1,/* namesize */
+ 0); /* chksum */
+ push_hdr(s);
+ push_rest(name);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+enum generic_types {
+ GT_DIR,
+ GT_PIPE,
+ GT_SOCK
+};
+
+struct generic_type {
+ const char *type;
+ mode_t mode;
+};
+
+static struct generic_type generic_type_table[] = {
+ [GT_DIR] = {
+ .type = "dir",
+ .mode = S_IFDIR
+ },
+ [GT_PIPE] = {
+ .type = "pipe",
+ .mode = S_IFIFO
+ },
+ [GT_SOCK] = {
+ .type = "sock",
+ .mode = S_IFSOCK
+ }
+};
+
+static int cpio_mkgeneric_line(const char *line, enum generic_types gt)
+{
+ char name[PATH_MAX + 1];
+ unsigned int mode;
+ int uid;
+ int gid;
+ int rc = -1;
+
+ if (4 != sscanf(line, "%" str(PATH_MAX) "s %o %d %d", name, &mode, &uid, &gid)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Unrecognized %s format '%s'",
+ line, generic_type_table[gt].type);
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ mode |= generic_type_table[gt].mode;
+ rc = cpio_mkgeneric(name, mode, uid, gid);
+ fail:
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int cpio_mkdir_line(const char *line)
+{
+ return cpio_mkgeneric_line(line, GT_DIR);
+}
+
+static int cpio_mkpipe_line(const char *line)
+{
+ return cpio_mkgeneric_line(line, GT_PIPE);
+}
+
+static int cpio_mksock_line(const char *line)
+{
+ return cpio_mkgeneric_line(line, GT_SOCK);
+}
+
+static int cpio_mknod(const char *name, unsigned int mode,
+ uid_t uid, gid_t gid, char dev_type,
+ unsigned int maj, unsigned int min)
+{
+ char s[256];
+ time_t mtime = time(NULL);
+
+ if (dev_type == 'b')
+ mode |= S_IFBLK;
+ else
+ mode |= S_IFCHR;
+
+ sprintf(s,"%s%08X%08X%08lX%08lX%08X%08lX"
+ "%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X",
+ "070701", /* magic */
+ ino++, /* ino */
+ mode, /* mode */
+ (long) uid, /* uid */
+ (long) gid, /* gid */
+ 1, /* nlink */
+ (long) mtime, /* mtime */
+ 0, /* filesize */
+ 3, /* major */
+ 1, /* minor */
+ maj, /* rmajor */
+ min, /* rminor */
+ (unsigned)strlen(name) + 1,/* namesize */
+ 0); /* chksum */
+ push_hdr(s);
+ push_rest(name);
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int cpio_mknod_line(const char *line)
+{
+ char name[PATH_MAX + 1];
+ unsigned int mode;
+ int uid;
+ int gid;
+ char dev_type;
+ unsigned int maj;
+ unsigned int min;
+ int rc = -1;
+
+ if (7 != sscanf(line, "%" str(PATH_MAX) "s %o %d %d %c %u %u",
+ name, &mode, &uid, &gid, &dev_type, &maj, &min)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Unrecognized nod format '%s'", line);
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ rc = cpio_mknod(name, mode, uid, gid, dev_type, maj, min);
+ fail:
+ return rc;
+}
+
+/* Not marked static to keep the compiler quiet, as no one uses this yet... */
+static int cpio_mkfile(const char *name, const char *location,
+ unsigned int mode, uid_t uid, gid_t gid)
+{
+ char s[256];
+ char *filebuf = NULL;
+ struct stat buf;
+ int file = -1;
+ int retval;
+ int rc = -1;
+
+ mode |= S_IFREG;
+
+ retval = stat (location, &buf);
+ if (retval) {
+ fprintf (stderr, "File %s could not be located\n", location);
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ file = open (location, O_RDONLY);
+ if (file < 0) {
+ fprintf (stderr, "File %s could not be opened for reading\n", location);
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ filebuf = malloc(buf.st_size);
+ if (!filebuf) {
+ fprintf (stderr, "out of memory\n");
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ retval = read (file, filebuf, buf.st_size);
+ if (retval < 0) {
+ fprintf (stderr, "Can not read %s file\n", location);
+ goto error;
+ }
+
+ sprintf(s,"%s%08X%08X%08lX%08lX%08X%08lX"
+ "%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X%08X",
+ "070701", /* magic */
+ ino++, /* ino */
+ mode, /* mode */
+ (long) uid, /* uid */
+ (long) gid, /* gid */
+ 1, /* nlink */
+ (long) buf.st_mtime, /* mtime */
+ (int) buf.st_size, /* filesize */
+ 3, /* major */
+ 1, /* minor */
+ 0, /* rmajor */
+ 0, /* rminor */
+ (unsigned)strlen(name) + 1,/* namesize */
+ 0); /* chksum */
+ push_hdr(s);
+ push_string(name);
+ push_pad();
+
+ fwrite(filebuf, buf.st_size, 1, stdout);
+ offset += buf.st_size;
+ push_pad();
+ rc = 0;
+
+error:
+ if (filebuf) free(filebuf);
+ if (file >= 0) close(file);
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static int cpio_mkfile_line(const char *line)
+{
+ char name[PATH_MAX + 1];
+ char location[PATH_MAX + 1];
+ unsigned int mode;
+ int uid;
+ int gid;
+ int rc = -1;
+
+ if (5 != sscanf(line, "%" str(PATH_MAX) "s %" str(PATH_MAX) "s %o %d %d", name, location, &mode, &uid, &gid)) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "Unrecognized file format '%s'", line);
+ goto fail;
+ }
+ rc = cpio_mkfile(name, location, mode, uid, gid);
+ fail:
+ return rc;
+}
+
+void usage(const char *prog)
+{
+ fprintf(stderr, "Usage:\n"
+ "\t%s <cpio_list>\n"
+ "\n"
+ "<cpio_list> is a file containing newline separated entries that\n"
+ "describe the files to be included in the initramfs archive:\n"
+ "\n"
+ "# a comment\n"
+ "file <name> <location> <mode> <uid> <gid>\n"
+ "dir <name> <mode> <uid> <gid>\n"
+ "nod <name> <mode> <uid> <gid> <dev_type> <maj> <min>\n"
+ "slink <name> <target> <mode> <uid> <gid>\n"
+ "pipe <name> <mode> <uid> <gid>\n"
+ "sock <name> <mode> <uid> <gid>\n"
+ "\n"
+ "<name> name of the file/dir/nod/etc in the archive\n"
+ "<location> location of the file in the current filesystem\n"
+ "<target> link target\n"
+ "<mode> mode/permissions of the file\n"
+ "<uid> user id (0=root)\n"
+ "<gid> group id (0=root)\n"
+ "<dev_type> device type (b=block, c=character)\n"
+ "<maj> major number of nod\n"
+ "<min> minor number of nod\n"
+ "\n"
+ "example:\n"
+ "# A simple initramfs\n"
+ "dir /dev 0755 0 0\n"
+ "nod /dev/console 0600 0 0 c 5 1\n"
+ "dir /root 0700 0 0\n"
+ "dir /sbin 0755 0 0\n"
+ "file /sbin/kinit /usr/src/klibc/kinit/kinit 0755 0 0\n",
+ prog);
+}
+
+struct file_handler file_handler_table[] = {
+ {
+ .type = "file",
+ .handler = cpio_mkfile_line,
+ }, {
+ .type = "nod",
+ .handler = cpio_mknod_line,
+ }, {
+ .type = "dir",
+ .handler = cpio_mkdir_line,
+ }, {
+ .type = "slink",
+ .handler = cpio_mkslink_line,
+ }, {
+ .type = "pipe",
+ .handler = cpio_mkpipe_line,
+ }, {
+ .type = "sock",
+ .handler = cpio_mksock_line,
+ }, {
+ .type = NULL,
+ .handler = NULL,
+ }
+};
+
+#define LINE_SIZE (2 * PATH_MAX + 50)
+
+int main (int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ FILE *cpio_list;
+ char line[LINE_SIZE];
+ char *args, *type;
+ int ec = 0;
+ int line_nr = 0;
+
+ if (2 != argc) {
+ usage(argv[0]);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ if (! (cpio_list = fopen(argv[1], "r"))) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "ERROR: unable to open '%s': %s\n\n",
+ argv[1], strerror(errno));
+ usage(argv[0]);
+ exit(1);
+ }
+
+ while (fgets(line, LINE_SIZE, cpio_list)) {
+ int type_idx;
+ size_t slen = strlen(line);
+
+ line_nr++;
+
+ if ('#' == *line) {
+ /* comment - skip to next line */
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (! (type = strtok(line, " \t"))) {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "ERROR: incorrect format, could not locate file type line %d: '%s'\n",
+ line_nr, line);
+ ec = -1;
+ }
+
+ if ('\n' == *type) {
+ /* a blank line */
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (slen == strlen(type)) {
+ /* must be an empty line */
+ continue;
+ }
+
+ if (! (args = strtok(NULL, "\n"))) {
+ fprintf(stderr,
+ "ERROR: incorrect format, newline required line %d: '%s'\n",
+ line_nr, line);
+ ec = -1;
+ }
+
+ for (type_idx = 0; file_handler_table[type_idx].type; type_idx++) {
+ int rc;
+ if (! strcmp(line, file_handler_table[type_idx].type)) {
+ if ((rc = file_handler_table[type_idx].handler(args))) {
+ ec = rc;
+ fprintf(stderr, " line %d\n", line_nr);
+ }
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+
+ if (NULL == file_handler_table[type_idx].type) {
+ fprintf(stderr, "unknown file type line %d: '%s'\n",
+ line_nr, line);
+ }
+ }
+ cpio_trailer();
+
+ exit(ec);
+}
diff --git a/usr/initramfs_data.S b/usr/initramfs_data.S
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c2e1ad4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/usr/initramfs_data.S
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+/*
+ initramfs_data includes the compressed binary that is the
+ filesystem used for early user space.
+ Note: Older versions of "as" (prior to binutils 2.11.90.0.23
+ released on 2001-07-14) dit not support .incbin.
+ If you are forced to use older binutils than that then the
+ following trick can be applied to create the resulting binary:
+
+
+ ld -m elf_i386 --format binary --oformat elf32-i386 -r \
+ -T initramfs_data.scr initramfs_data.cpio.gz -o initramfs_data.o
+ ld -m elf_i386 -r -o built-in.o initramfs_data.o
+
+ initramfs_data.scr looks like this:
+SECTIONS
+{
+ .init.ramfs : { *(.data) }
+}
+
+ The above example is for i386 - the parameters vary from architectures.
+ Eventually look up LDFLAGS_BLOB in an older version of the
+ arch/$(ARCH)/Makefile to see the flags used before .incbin was introduced.
+
+ Using .incbin has the advantage over ld that the correct flags are set
+ in the ELF header, as required by certain architectures.
+*/
+
+.section .init.ramfs,"a"
+.incbin "usr/initramfs_data.cpio.gz"
+