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authorHugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>2014-07-23 21:00:10 (GMT)
committerGreg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>2014-07-28 15:00:03 (GMT)
commit887675c981bcefc567bd1f18352238d7ce1cf47a (patch)
tree7adf42ec37adf1473e7bea77bdbbf2eb17731558
parent1ccc3ffad12489d90994243be03017ff6e78ef51 (diff)
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shmem: fix faulting into a hole, not taking i_mutex
commit 8e205f779d1443a94b5ae81aa359cb535dd3021e upstream. Commit f00cdc6df7d7 ("shmem: fix faulting into a hole while it's punched") was buggy: Sasha sent a lockdep report to remind us that grabbing i_mutex in the fault path is a no-no (write syscall may already hold i_mutex while faulting user buffer). We tried a completely different approach (see following patch) but that proved inadequate: good enough for a rational workload, but not good enough against trinity - which forks off so many mappings of the object that contention on i_mmap_mutex while hole-puncher holds i_mutex builds into serious starvation when concurrent faults force the puncher to fall back to single-page unmap_mapping_range() searches of the i_mmap tree. So return to the original umbrella approach, but keep away from i_mutex this time. We really don't want to bloat every shmem inode with a new mutex or completion, just to protect this unlikely case from trinity. So extend the original with wait_queue_head on stack at the hole-punch end, and wait_queue item on the stack at the fault end. This involves further use of i_lock to guard against the races: lockdep has been happy so far, and I see fs/inode.c:unlock_new_inode() holds i_lock around wake_up_bit(), which is comparable to what we do here. i_lock is more convenient, but we could switch to shmem's info->lock. This issue has been tagged with CVE-2014-4171, which will require commit f00cdc6df7d7 and this and the following patch to be backported: we suggest to 3.1+, though in fact the trinity forkbomb effect might go back as far as 2.6.16, when madvise(,,MADV_REMOVE) came in - or might not, since much has changed, with i_mmap_mutex a spinlock before 3.0. Anyone running trinity on 3.0 and earlier? I don't think we need care. Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Reported-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Tested-by: Sasha Levin <sasha.levin@oracle.com> Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz> Cc: Konstantin Khlebnikov <koct9i@gmail.com> Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org> Cc: Lukas Czerner <lczerner@redhat.com> Cc: Dave Jones <davej@redhat.com> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
-rw-r--r--mm/shmem.c78
1 files changed, 52 insertions, 26 deletions
diff --git a/mm/shmem.c b/mm/shmem.c
index 61cf45c..3d26fed 100644
--- a/mm/shmem.c
+++ b/mm/shmem.c
@@ -85,7 +85,7 @@ static struct vfsmount *shm_mnt;
* a time): we would prefer not to enlarge the shmem inode just for that.
*/
struct shmem_falloc {
- int mode; /* FALLOC_FL mode currently operating */
+ wait_queue_head_t *waitq; /* faults into hole wait for punch to end */
pgoff_t start; /* start of range currently being fallocated */
pgoff_t next; /* the next page offset to be fallocated */
pgoff_t nr_falloced; /* how many new pages have been fallocated */
@@ -827,7 +827,7 @@ static int shmem_writepage(struct page *page, struct writeback_control *wbc)
spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
shmem_falloc = inode->i_private;
if (shmem_falloc &&
- !shmem_falloc->mode &&
+ !shmem_falloc->waitq &&
index >= shmem_falloc->start &&
index < shmem_falloc->next)
shmem_falloc->nr_unswapped++;
@@ -1306,38 +1306,58 @@ static int shmem_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, struct vm_fault *vmf)
* Trinity finds that probing a hole which tmpfs is punching can
* prevent the hole-punch from ever completing: which in turn
* locks writers out with its hold on i_mutex. So refrain from
- * faulting pages into the hole while it's being punched, and
- * wait on i_mutex to be released if vmf->flags permits.
+ * faulting pages into the hole while it's being punched. Although
+ * shmem_undo_range() does remove the additions, it may be unable to
+ * keep up, as each new page needs its own unmap_mapping_range() call,
+ * and the i_mmap tree grows ever slower to scan if new vmas are added.
+ *
+ * It does not matter if we sometimes reach this check just before the
+ * hole-punch begins, so that one fault then races with the punch:
+ * we just need to make racing faults a rare case.
+ *
+ * The implementation below would be much simpler if we just used a
+ * standard mutex or completion: but we cannot take i_mutex in fault,
+ * and bloating every shmem inode for this unlikely case would be sad.
*/
if (unlikely(inode->i_private)) {
struct shmem_falloc *shmem_falloc;
spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
shmem_falloc = inode->i_private;
- if (!shmem_falloc ||
- shmem_falloc->mode != FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE ||
- vmf->pgoff < shmem_falloc->start ||
- vmf->pgoff >= shmem_falloc->next)
- shmem_falloc = NULL;
- spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
- /*
- * i_lock has protected us from taking shmem_falloc seriously
- * once return from shmem_fallocate() went back up that stack.
- * i_lock does not serialize with i_mutex at all, but it does
- * not matter if sometimes we wait unnecessarily, or sometimes
- * miss out on waiting: we just need to make those cases rare.
- */
- if (shmem_falloc) {
+ if (shmem_falloc &&
+ shmem_falloc->waitq &&
+ vmf->pgoff >= shmem_falloc->start &&
+ vmf->pgoff < shmem_falloc->next) {
+ wait_queue_head_t *shmem_falloc_waitq;
+ DEFINE_WAIT(shmem_fault_wait);
+
+ ret = VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
if ((vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_ALLOW_RETRY) &&
!(vmf->flags & FAULT_FLAG_RETRY_NOWAIT)) {
+ /* It's polite to up mmap_sem if we can */
up_read(&vma->vm_mm->mmap_sem);
- mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
- mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
- return VM_FAULT_RETRY;
+ ret = VM_FAULT_RETRY;
}
- /* cond_resched? Leave that to GUP or return to user */
- return VM_FAULT_NOPAGE;
+
+ shmem_falloc_waitq = shmem_falloc->waitq;
+ prepare_to_wait(shmem_falloc_waitq, &shmem_fault_wait,
+ TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ schedule();
+
+ /*
+ * shmem_falloc_waitq points into the shmem_fallocate()
+ * stack of the hole-punching task: shmem_falloc_waitq
+ * is usually invalid by the time we reach here, but
+ * finish_wait() does not dereference it in that case;
+ * though i_lock needed lest racing with wake_up_all().
+ */
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+ finish_wait(shmem_falloc_waitq, &shmem_fault_wait);
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
+ return ret;
}
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
}
error = shmem_getpage(inode, vmf->pgoff, &vmf->page, SGP_CACHE, &ret);
@@ -1857,13 +1877,13 @@ static long shmem_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset,
mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
- shmem_falloc.mode = mode & ~FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE;
-
if (mode & FALLOC_FL_PUNCH_HOLE) {
struct address_space *mapping = file->f_mapping;
loff_t unmap_start = round_up(offset, PAGE_SIZE);
loff_t unmap_end = round_down(offset + len, PAGE_SIZE) - 1;
+ DECLARE_WAIT_QUEUE_HEAD_ONSTACK(shmem_falloc_waitq);
+ shmem_falloc.waitq = &shmem_falloc_waitq;
shmem_falloc.start = unmap_start >> PAGE_SHIFT;
shmem_falloc.next = (unmap_end + 1) >> PAGE_SHIFT;
spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
@@ -1875,8 +1895,13 @@ static long shmem_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset,
1 + unmap_end - unmap_start, 0);
shmem_truncate_range(inode, offset, offset + len - 1);
/* No need to unmap again: hole-punching leaves COWed pages */
+
+ spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
+ inode->i_private = NULL;
+ wake_up_all(&shmem_falloc_waitq);
+ spin_unlock(&inode->i_lock);
error = 0;
- goto undone;
+ goto out;
}
/* We need to check rlimit even when FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE */
@@ -1892,6 +1917,7 @@ static long shmem_fallocate(struct file *file, int mode, loff_t offset,
goto out;
}
+ shmem_falloc.waitq = NULL;
shmem_falloc.start = start;
shmem_falloc.next = start;
shmem_falloc.nr_falloced = 0;