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authorMark Brown <broonie@linaro.org>2014-03-28 14:21:07 (GMT)
committerChanho Park <chanho61.park@samsung.com>2014-04-16 12:36:51 (GMT)
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ARM: topology: Make it clear that all CPUs need to be described
The ARMv8 code will reject incomplete topologies that omit some CPUs (and it's not clear that it's ever sensible to do so). Update the binding document to make this clear. Since we're reformatting the text also fix incorrect grammar in the final "Any other configuration..." section by removing "consider". Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <broonie@linaro.org> Acked-by: Lorenzo Pieralisi <lorenzo.pieralisi@arm.com> Signed-off-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> Conflicts: Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/topology.txt Change-Id: Ic39525a02f6e20bbd34da7991c9723f9f04532e9
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+===========================================
+ARM topology binding description
+===========================================
+
+===========================================
+1 - Introduction
+===========================================
+
+In an ARM system, the hierarchy of CPUs is defined through three entities that
+are used to describe the layout of physical CPUs in the system:
+
+- cluster
+- core
+- thread
+
+The cpu nodes (bindings defined in [1]) represent the devices that
+correspond to physical CPUs and are to be mapped to the hierarchy levels.
+
+The bottom hierarchy level sits at core or thread level depending on whether
+symmetric multi-threading (SMT) is supported or not.
+
+For instance in a system where CPUs support SMT, "cpu" nodes represent all
+threads existing in the system and map to the hierarchy level "thread" above.
+In systems where SMT is not supported "cpu" nodes represent all cores present
+in the system and map to the hierarchy level "core" above.
+
+ARM topology bindings allow one to associate cpu nodes with hierarchical groups
+corresponding to the system hierarchy; syntactically they are defined as device
+tree nodes.
+
+The remainder of this document provides the topology bindings for ARM, based
+on the ePAPR standard, available from:
+
+http://www.power.org/documentation/epapr-version-1-1/
+
+If not stated otherwise, whenever a reference to a cpu node phandle is made its
+value must point to a cpu node compliant with the cpu node bindings as
+documented in [1].
+A topology description containing phandles to cpu nodes that are not compliant
+with bindings standardized in [1] is therefore considered invalid.
+
+===========================================
+2 - cpu-map node
+===========================================
+
+The ARM CPU topology is defined within the cpu-map node, which is a direct
+child of the cpus node and provides a container where the actual topology
+nodes are listed.
+
+- cpu-map node
+
+ Usage: Optional - On ARM SMP systems provide CPUs topology to the OS.
+ ARM uniprocessor systems do not require a topology
+ description and therefore should not define a
+ cpu-map node.
+
+ Description: The cpu-map node is just a container node where its
+ subnodes describe the CPU topology.
+
+ Node name must be "cpu-map".
+
+ The cpu-map node's parent node must be the cpus node.
+
+ The cpu-map node's child nodes can be:
+
+ - one or more cluster nodes
+
+ Any other configuration is considered invalid.
+
+The cpu-map node can only contain three types of child nodes:
+
+- cluster node
+- core node
+- thread node
+
+whose bindings are described in paragraph 3.
+
+The nodes describing the CPU topology (cluster/core/thread) can only
+be defined within the cpu-map node and every core/thread in the system
+must be defined within the topology. Any other configuration is
+invalid and therefore must be ignored.
+
+===========================================
+2.1 - cpu-map child nodes naming convention
+===========================================
+
+cpu-map child nodes must follow a naming convention where the node name
+must be "clusterN", "coreN", "threadN" depending on the node type (ie
+cluster/core/thread) (where N = {0, 1, ...} is the node number; nodes which
+are siblings within a single common parent node must be given a unique and
+sequential N value, starting from 0).
+cpu-map child nodes which do not share a common parent node can have the same
+name (ie same number N as other cpu-map child nodes at different device tree
+levels) since name uniqueness will be guaranteed by the device tree hierarchy.
+
+===========================================
+3 - cluster/core/thread node bindings
+===========================================
+
+Bindings for cluster/cpu/thread nodes are defined as follows:
+
+- cluster node
+
+ Description: must be declared within a cpu-map node, one node
+ per cluster. A system can contain several layers of
+ clustering and cluster nodes can be contained in parent
+ cluster nodes.
+
+ The cluster node name must be "clusterN" as described in 2.1 above.
+ A cluster node can not be a leaf node.
+
+ A cluster node's child nodes must be:
+
+ - one or more cluster nodes; or
+ - one or more core nodes
+
+ Any other configuration is considered invalid.
+
+- core node
+
+ Description: must be declared in a cluster node, one node per core in
+ the cluster. If the system does not support SMT, core
+ nodes are leaf nodes, otherwise they become containers of
+ thread nodes.
+
+ The core node name must be "coreN" as described in 2.1 above.
+
+ A core node must be a leaf node if SMT is not supported.
+
+ Properties for core nodes that are leaf nodes:
+
+ - cpu
+ Usage: required
+ Value type: <phandle>
+ Definition: a phandle to the cpu node that corresponds to the
+ core node.
+
+ If a core node is not a leaf node (CPUs supporting SMT) a core node's
+ child nodes can be:
+
+ - one or more thread nodes
+
+ Any other configuration is considered invalid.
+
+- thread node
+
+ Description: must be declared in a core node, one node per thread
+ in the core if the system supports SMT. Thread nodes are
+ always leaf nodes in the device tree.
+
+ The thread node name must be "threadN" as described in 2.1 above.
+
+ A thread node must be a leaf node.
+
+ A thread node must contain the following property:
+
+ - cpu
+ Usage: required
+ Value type: <phandle>
+ Definition: a phandle to the cpu node that corresponds to
+ the thread node.
+
+===========================================
+4 - Example dts
+===========================================
+
+Example 1 (ARM 64-bit, 16-cpu system, two clusters of clusters):
+
+cpus {
+ #size-cells = <0>;
+ #address-cells = <2>;
+
+ cpu-map {
+ cluster0 {
+ cluster0 {
+ core0 {
+ thread0 {
+ cpu = <&CPU0>;
+ };
+ thread1 {
+ cpu = <&CPU1>;
+ };
+ };
+
+ core1 {
+ thread0 {
+ cpu = <&CPU2>;
+ };
+ thread1 {
+ cpu = <&CPU3>;
+ };
+ };
+ };
+
+ cluster1 {
+ core0 {
+ thread0 {
+ cpu = <&CPU4>;
+ };
+ thread1 {
+ cpu = <&CPU5>;
+ };
+ };
+
+ core1 {
+ thread0 {
+ cpu = <&CPU6>;
+ };
+ thread1 {
+ cpu = <&CPU7>;
+ };
+ };
+ };
+ };
+
+ cluster1 {
+ cluster0 {
+ core0 {
+ thread0 {
+ cpu = <&CPU8>;
+ };
+ thread1 {
+ cpu = <&CPU9>;
+ };
+ };
+ core1 {
+ thread0 {
+ cpu = <&CPU10>;
+ };
+ thread1 {
+ cpu = <&CPU11>;
+ };
+ };
+ };
+
+ cluster1 {
+ core0 {
+ thread0 {
+ cpu = <&CPU12>;
+ };
+ thread1 {
+ cpu = <&CPU13>;
+ };
+ };
+ core1 {
+ thread0 {
+ cpu = <&CPU14>;
+ };
+ thread1 {
+ cpu = <&CPU15>;
+ };
+ };
+ };
+ };
+ };
+
+ CPU0: cpu@0 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x0 0x0>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU1: cpu@1 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x0 0x1>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU2: cpu@100 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x0 0x100>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU3: cpu@101 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x0 0x101>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU4: cpu@10000 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x0 0x10000>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU5: cpu@10001 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x0 0x10001>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU6: cpu@10100 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x0 0x10100>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU7: cpu@10101 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x0 0x10101>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU8: cpu@100000000 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x1 0x0>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU9: cpu@100000001 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x1 0x1>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU10: cpu@100000100 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x1 0x100>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU11: cpu@100000101 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x1 0x101>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU12: cpu@100010000 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x1 0x10000>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU13: cpu@100010001 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x1 0x10001>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU14: cpu@100010100 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x1 0x10100>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+
+ CPU15: cpu@100010101 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a57";
+ reg = <0x1 0x10101>;
+ enable-method = "spin-table";
+ cpu-release-addr = <0 0x20000000>;
+ };
+};
+
+Example 2 (ARM 32-bit, dual-cluster, 8-cpu system, no SMT):
+
+cpus {
+ #size-cells = <0>;
+ #address-cells = <1>;
+
+ cpu-map {
+ cluster0 {
+ core0 {
+ cpu = <&CPU0>;
+ };
+ core1 {
+ cpu = <&CPU1>;
+ };
+ core2 {
+ cpu = <&CPU2>;
+ };
+ core3 {
+ cpu = <&CPU3>;
+ };
+ };
+
+ cluster1 {
+ core0 {
+ cpu = <&CPU4>;
+ };
+ core1 {
+ cpu = <&CPU5>;
+ };
+ core2 {
+ cpu = <&CPU6>;
+ };
+ core3 {
+ cpu = <&CPU7>;
+ };
+ };
+ };
+
+ CPU0: cpu@0 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a15";
+ reg = <0x0>;
+ };
+
+ CPU1: cpu@1 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a15";
+ reg = <0x1>;
+ };
+
+ CPU2: cpu@2 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a15";
+ reg = <0x2>;
+ };
+
+ CPU3: cpu@3 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a15";
+ reg = <0x3>;
+ };
+
+ CPU4: cpu@100 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a7";
+ reg = <0x100>;
+ };
+
+ CPU5: cpu@101 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a7";
+ reg = <0x101>;
+ };
+
+ CPU6: cpu@102 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a7";
+ reg = <0x102>;
+ };
+
+ CPU7: cpu@103 {
+ device_type = "cpu";
+ compatible = "arm,cortex-a7";
+ reg = <0x103>;
+ };
+};
+
+===============================================================================
+[1] ARM Linux kernel documentation
+ Documentation/devicetree/bindings/arm/cpus.txt