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authorDavid Herrmann <dh.herrmann@gmail.com>2014-08-08 21:25:34 (GMT)
committerMaciej Wereski <m.wereski@partner.samsung.com>2014-12-29 08:31:35 (GMT)
commit2d63a8517a762037ed240509d6a2362744748b05 (patch)
tree6281099e7864cd47421336e3072e475bf3389f71
parent2322196a3b4f6eb6e253aad18853a23a0b1423f0 (diff)
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selftests: add memfd/sealing page-pinning testsrefs/changes/08/32908/1
Setting SEAL_WRITE is not possible if there're pending GUP users. This commit adds selftests for memfd+sealing that use FUSE to create pending page-references. FUSE is very helpful here in that it allows us to delay direct-IO operations for an arbitrary amount of time. This way, we can force the kernel to pin pages and then run our normal selftests. Signed-off-by: David Herrmann <dh.herrmann@gmail.com> Acked-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com> Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com> Cc: Ryan Lortie <desrt@desrt.ca> Cc: Lennart Poettering <lennart@poettering.net> Cc: Daniel Mack <zonque@gmail.com> Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@amacapital.net> Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org> Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org> Change-Id: Ideaf47a24b3522183cbe5ae10c320f7d38e31931 Origin: https://git.kernel.org/cgit/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/commit/?id=87b2d44026e0e315a7401551e95b189ac4b28217 Backported-by: Maciej Wereski <m.wereski@partner.samsung.com> Signed-off-by: Maciej Wereski <m.wereski@partner.samsung.com>
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/memfd/.gitignore2
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/memfd/Makefile14
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/memfd/fuse_mnt.c110
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/memfd/fuse_test.c311
-rw-r--r--tools/testing/selftests/memfd/run_fuse_test.sh14
5 files changed, 450 insertions, 1 deletions
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/.gitignore b/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/.gitignore
index bcc8ee2..afe87c4 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/.gitignore
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/.gitignore
@@ -1,2 +1,4 @@
+fuse_mnt
+fuse_test
memfd_test
memfd-test-file
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/Makefile b/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/Makefile
index 36653b9..6816c49 100644
--- a/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/Makefile
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/Makefile
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@ ifeq ($(ARCH),x86_64)
ARCH := X86
endif
+CFLAGS += -D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64
CFLAGS += -I../../../../arch/x86/include/generated/uapi/
CFLAGS += -I../../../../arch/x86/include/uapi/
CFLAGS += -I../../../../include/uapi/
@@ -25,5 +26,16 @@ ifeq ($(ARCH),X86)
endif
@./memfd_test || echo "memfd_test: [FAIL]"
+build_fuse:
+ifeq ($(ARCH),X86)
+ gcc $(CFLAGS) fuse_mnt.c `pkg-config fuse --cflags --libs` -o fuse_mnt
+ gcc $(CFLAGS) fuse_test.c -o fuse_test
+else
+ echo "Not an x86 target, can't build memfd selftest"
+endif
+
+run_fuse: build_fuse
+ @./run_fuse_test.sh || echo "fuse_test: [FAIL]"
+
clean:
- $(RM) memfd_test
+ $(RM) memfd_test fuse_test
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/fuse_mnt.c b/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/fuse_mnt.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..feacf12
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/fuse_mnt.c
@@ -0,0 +1,110 @@
+/*
+ * memfd test file-system
+ * This file uses FUSE to create a dummy file-system with only one file /memfd.
+ * This file is read-only and takes 1s per read.
+ *
+ * This file-system is used by the memfd test-cases to force the kernel to pin
+ * pages during reads(). Due to the 1s delay of this file-system, this is a
+ * nice way to test race-conditions against get_user_pages() in the kernel.
+ *
+ * We use direct_io==1 to force the kernel to use direct-IO for this
+ * file-system.
+ */
+
+#define FUSE_USE_VERSION 26
+
+#include <fuse.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <fcntl.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+static const char memfd_content[] = "memfd-example-content";
+static const char memfd_path[] = "/memfd";
+
+static int memfd_getattr(const char *path, struct stat *st)
+{
+ memset(st, 0, sizeof(*st));
+
+ if (!strcmp(path, "/")) {
+ st->st_mode = S_IFDIR | 0755;
+ st->st_nlink = 2;
+ } else if (!strcmp(path, memfd_path)) {
+ st->st_mode = S_IFREG | 0444;
+ st->st_nlink = 1;
+ st->st_size = strlen(memfd_content);
+ } else {
+ return -ENOENT;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int memfd_readdir(const char *path,
+ void *buf,
+ fuse_fill_dir_t filler,
+ off_t offset,
+ struct fuse_file_info *fi)
+{
+ if (strcmp(path, "/"))
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ filler(buf, ".", NULL, 0);
+ filler(buf, "..", NULL, 0);
+ filler(buf, memfd_path + 1, NULL, 0);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int memfd_open(const char *path, struct fuse_file_info *fi)
+{
+ if (strcmp(path, memfd_path))
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ if ((fi->flags & 3) != O_RDONLY)
+ return -EACCES;
+
+ /* force direct-IO */
+ fi->direct_io = 1;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int memfd_read(const char *path,
+ char *buf,
+ size_t size,
+ off_t offset,
+ struct fuse_file_info *fi)
+{
+ size_t len;
+
+ if (strcmp(path, memfd_path) != 0)
+ return -ENOENT;
+
+ sleep(1);
+
+ len = strlen(memfd_content);
+ if (offset < len) {
+ if (offset + size > len)
+ size = len - offset;
+
+ memcpy(buf, memfd_content + offset, size);
+ } else {
+ size = 0;
+ }
+
+ return size;
+}
+
+static struct fuse_operations memfd_ops = {
+ .getattr = memfd_getattr,
+ .readdir = memfd_readdir,
+ .open = memfd_open,
+ .read = memfd_read,
+};
+
+int main(int argc, char *argv[])
+{
+ return fuse_main(argc, argv, &memfd_ops, NULL);
+}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/fuse_test.c b/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/fuse_test.c
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..67908b1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/fuse_test.c
@@ -0,0 +1,311 @@
+/*
+ * memfd GUP test-case
+ * This tests memfd interactions with get_user_pages(). We require the
+ * fuse_mnt.c program to provide a fake direct-IO FUSE mount-point for us. This
+ * file-system delays _all_ reads by 1s and forces direct-IO. This means, any
+ * read() on files in that file-system will pin the receive-buffer pages for at
+ * least 1s via get_user_pages().
+ *
+ * We use this trick to race ADD_SEALS against a write on a memfd object. The
+ * ADD_SEALS must fail if the memfd pages are still pinned. Note that we use
+ * the read() syscall with our memory-mapped memfd object as receive buffer to
+ * force the kernel to write into our memfd object.
+ */
+
+#define _GNU_SOURCE
+#define __EXPORTED_HEADERS__
+
+#include <errno.h>
+#include <inttypes.h>
+#include <limits.h>
+#include <linux/falloc.h>
+#include <linux/fcntl.h>
+#include <linux/memfd.h>
+#include <sched.h>
+#include <stdio.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <string.h>
+#include <sys/mman.h>
+#include <sys/stat.h>
+#include <sys/syscall.h>
+#include <sys/wait.h>
+#include <unistd.h>
+
+#define MFD_DEF_SIZE 8192
+#define STACK_SIZE 65535
+
+static int sys_memfd_create(const char *name,
+ unsigned int flags)
+{
+ return syscall(__NR_memfd_create, name, flags);
+}
+
+static int mfd_assert_new(const char *name, loff_t sz, unsigned int flags)
+{
+ int r, fd;
+
+ fd = sys_memfd_create(name, flags);
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ printf("memfd_create(\"%s\", %u) failed: %m\n",
+ name, flags);
+ abort();
+ }
+
+ r = ftruncate(fd, sz);
+ if (r < 0) {
+ printf("ftruncate(%llu) failed: %m\n", (unsigned long long)sz);
+ abort();
+ }
+
+ return fd;
+}
+
+static __u64 mfd_assert_get_seals(int fd)
+{
+ long r;
+
+ r = fcntl(fd, F_GET_SEALS);
+ if (r < 0) {
+ printf("GET_SEALS(%d) failed: %m\n", fd);
+ abort();
+ }
+
+ return r;
+}
+
+static void mfd_assert_has_seals(int fd, __u64 seals)
+{
+ __u64 s;
+
+ s = mfd_assert_get_seals(fd);
+ if (s != seals) {
+ printf("%llu != %llu = GET_SEALS(%d)\n",
+ (unsigned long long)seals, (unsigned long long)s, fd);
+ abort();
+ }
+}
+
+static void mfd_assert_add_seals(int fd, __u64 seals)
+{
+ long r;
+ __u64 s;
+
+ s = mfd_assert_get_seals(fd);
+ r = fcntl(fd, F_ADD_SEALS, seals);
+ if (r < 0) {
+ printf("ADD_SEALS(%d, %llu -> %llu) failed: %m\n",
+ fd, (unsigned long long)s, (unsigned long long)seals);
+ abort();
+ }
+}
+
+static int mfd_busy_add_seals(int fd, __u64 seals)
+{
+ long r;
+ __u64 s;
+
+ r = fcntl(fd, F_GET_SEALS);
+ if (r < 0)
+ s = 0;
+ else
+ s = r;
+
+ r = fcntl(fd, F_ADD_SEALS, seals);
+ if (r < 0 && errno != EBUSY) {
+ printf("ADD_SEALS(%d, %llu -> %llu) didn't fail as expected with EBUSY: %m\n",
+ fd, (unsigned long long)s, (unsigned long long)seals);
+ abort();
+ }
+
+ return r;
+}
+
+static void *mfd_assert_mmap_shared(int fd)
+{
+ void *p;
+
+ p = mmap(NULL,
+ MFD_DEF_SIZE,
+ PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
+ MAP_SHARED,
+ fd,
+ 0);
+ if (p == MAP_FAILED) {
+ printf("mmap() failed: %m\n");
+ abort();
+ }
+
+ return p;
+}
+
+static void *mfd_assert_mmap_private(int fd)
+{
+ void *p;
+
+ p = mmap(NULL,
+ MFD_DEF_SIZE,
+ PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE,
+ MAP_PRIVATE,
+ fd,
+ 0);
+ if (p == MAP_FAILED) {
+ printf("mmap() failed: %m\n");
+ abort();
+ }
+
+ return p;
+}
+
+static int global_mfd = -1;
+static void *global_p = NULL;
+
+static int sealing_thread_fn(void *arg)
+{
+ int sig, r;
+
+ /*
+ * This thread first waits 200ms so any pending operation in the parent
+ * is correctly started. After that, it tries to seal @global_mfd as
+ * SEAL_WRITE. This _must_ fail as the parent thread has a read() into
+ * that memory mapped object still ongoing.
+ * We then wait one more second and try sealing again. This time it
+ * must succeed as there shouldn't be anyone else pinning the pages.
+ */
+
+ /* wait 200ms for FUSE-request to be active */
+ usleep(200000);
+
+ /* unmount mapping before sealing to avoid i_mmap_writable failures */
+ munmap(global_p, MFD_DEF_SIZE);
+
+ /* Try sealing the global file; expect EBUSY or success. Current
+ * kernels will never succeed, but in the future, kernels might
+ * implement page-replacements or other fancy ways to avoid racing
+ * writes. */
+ r = mfd_busy_add_seals(global_mfd, F_SEAL_WRITE);
+ if (r >= 0) {
+ printf("HURRAY! This kernel fixed GUP races!\n");
+ } else {
+ /* wait 1s more so the FUSE-request is done */
+ sleep(1);
+
+ /* try sealing the global file again */
+ mfd_assert_add_seals(global_mfd, F_SEAL_WRITE);
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static pid_t spawn_sealing_thread(void)
+{
+ uint8_t *stack;
+ pid_t pid;
+
+ stack = malloc(STACK_SIZE);
+ if (!stack) {
+ printf("malloc(STACK_SIZE) failed: %m\n");
+ abort();
+ }
+
+ pid = clone(sealing_thread_fn,
+ stack + STACK_SIZE,
+ SIGCHLD | CLONE_FILES | CLONE_FS | CLONE_VM,
+ NULL);
+ if (pid < 0) {
+ printf("clone() failed: %m\n");
+ abort();
+ }
+
+ return pid;
+}
+
+static void join_sealing_thread(pid_t pid)
+{
+ waitpid(pid, NULL, 0);
+}
+
+int main(int argc, char **argv)
+{
+ static const char zero[MFD_DEF_SIZE];
+ int fd, mfd, r;
+ void *p;
+ int was_sealed;
+ pid_t pid;
+
+ if (argc < 2) {
+ printf("error: please pass path to file in fuse_mnt mount-point\n");
+ abort();
+ }
+
+ /* open FUSE memfd file for GUP testing */
+ printf("opening: %s\n", argv[1]);
+ fd = open(argv[1], O_RDONLY | O_CLOEXEC);
+ if (fd < 0) {
+ printf("cannot open(\"%s\"): %m\n", argv[1]);
+ abort();
+ }
+
+ /* create new memfd-object */
+ mfd = mfd_assert_new("kern_memfd_fuse",
+ MFD_DEF_SIZE,
+ MFD_CLOEXEC | MFD_ALLOW_SEALING);
+
+ /* mmap memfd-object for writing */
+ p = mfd_assert_mmap_shared(mfd);
+
+ /* pass mfd+mapping to a separate sealing-thread which tries to seal
+ * the memfd objects with SEAL_WRITE while we write into it */
+ global_mfd = mfd;
+ global_p = p;
+ pid = spawn_sealing_thread();
+
+ /* Use read() on the FUSE file to read into our memory-mapped memfd
+ * object. This races the other thread which tries to seal the
+ * memfd-object.
+ * If @fd is on the memfd-fake-FUSE-FS, the read() is delayed by 1s.
+ * This guarantees that the receive-buffer is pinned for 1s until the
+ * data is written into it. The racing ADD_SEALS should thus fail as
+ * the pages are still pinned. */
+ r = read(fd, p, MFD_DEF_SIZE);
+ if (r < 0) {
+ printf("read() failed: %m\n");
+ abort();
+ } else if (!r) {
+ printf("unexpected EOF on read()\n");
+ abort();
+ }
+
+ was_sealed = mfd_assert_get_seals(mfd) & F_SEAL_WRITE;
+
+ /* Wait for sealing-thread to finish and verify that it
+ * successfully sealed the file after the second try. */
+ join_sealing_thread(pid);
+ mfd_assert_has_seals(mfd, F_SEAL_WRITE);
+
+ /* *IF* the memfd-object was sealed at the time our read() returned,
+ * then the kernel did a page-replacement or canceled the read() (or
+ * whatever magic it did..). In that case, the memfd object is still
+ * all zero.
+ * In case the memfd-object was *not* sealed, the read() was successfull
+ * and the memfd object must *not* be all zero.
+ * Note that in real scenarios, there might be a mixture of both, but
+ * in this test-cases, we have explicit 200ms delays which should be
+ * enough to avoid any in-flight writes. */
+
+ p = mfd_assert_mmap_private(mfd);
+ if (was_sealed && memcmp(p, zero, MFD_DEF_SIZE)) {
+ printf("memfd sealed during read() but data not discarded\n");
+ abort();
+ } else if (!was_sealed && !memcmp(p, zero, MFD_DEF_SIZE)) {
+ printf("memfd sealed after read() but data discarded\n");
+ abort();
+ }
+
+ close(mfd);
+ close(fd);
+
+ printf("fuse: DONE\n");
+
+ return 0;
+}
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/run_fuse_test.sh b/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/run_fuse_test.sh
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..69b930e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/tools/testing/selftests/memfd/run_fuse_test.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,14 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+if test -d "./mnt" ; then
+ fusermount -u ./mnt
+ rmdir ./mnt
+fi
+
+set -e
+
+mkdir mnt
+./fuse_mnt ./mnt
+./fuse_test ./mnt/memfd
+fusermount -u ./mnt
+rmdir ./mnt